The revolt was not an abrupt event but rather it was the summit of a century-long convention of furious well-known protection from British control. Encouraged by the success at Delhi, the sepoys of Lucknow, Bareilly, Kanpur, Jhansi, Central India, Bundelkhand, etc., rebelled and by the middle of June 1857, the whole of Northern India was in revolt. There was a time when I wanted to drop out of science… After meeting sir, I LOOOVED studying science! Revolt of 1857 Important Points Sepoy mutiny started on 10th May 1857 in the cantonment of Meerut. So, we are going to see in-depth about the revolt of 1857 and the uprising before that too. After coming here, the real preparations for exams started. Also, the import of British Machine to India, the exclusion of Indian sepoys at … Definitely the 1857 revolt was an eye-opener to the British as well as to the Indians. Thanks a ton Sir! Causes of 1857 Revolt The issue of greased cartridges and military grievances has been over-emphasized, as the factor for the Revolt of 1857. [0.3] The Rebellion of 1857 did not originate from a single cause, but from a complication of causes. Creation of a new administrative cadre, replacement of Persian by English and the colonial rule which created hardships to all sections of people and lack of personal touch between the ruler and the ruled led to a sort of distrust in the administrative set-up. In 1824, the sepoys of Barrakpore did not agree to proceed to Burma as their custom was against the crossing of the sea which results in the loss of the caste. The article is in continuation of our British India History articles. The tenure of Dalhousie was pathetic as far as concerns of the Indian natives are concerned. The revolt was the result of religious insult to the sepoys. The revolt of 1857 was a landmark event in the history of India. Our instructor here at Target Academy will change your paradigm of studying. The most important cause of failure was that the revolt. Following are the Political causes of failure of 1857 mutiny. No. What was the main cause of the revolt of 1857? Rev. Added to this destabilization, the ruination of the Indian industries, handicrafts and agriculture led to rural indebtedness and the growth of daily wage earners and de-industrialization, and the rise of a capitalist class of moneylenders, rich landlords and Zamindars as collaborators of the British rule and hegemony created strong resentment against the British. South India was compar­atively peaceful because of the lukewarm support to the cause of the sepoys. Privacy Policy3. Revolt of 1857 / Causes / India's First War of Independence / History for UPSC SSC NCERT Easily understands the facts related to Causes of Revolt of 1857. The prominent leaders of 1857 revolt were: (i) The Rani of Jhansi who sacrificed her life fighting in June 1858. Image Source: indianstampghar.com/wp-content/uploads/2008/08/scan00112.jpg. I have been very fortunate to have him as a guide. Naturally, this type of reaction is justified as the Indians are the losers and the British gainers. He was military reformer but his introduction of Enfield rifles and use of greased cartridges in them became the immediate cause of mutiny in 1857. Thus, by 1857 the situation was very stormy and ready for inflammation by any factor and the greased cartridge affair acted as the last straw on the camel’s back. The Revolt of 1857, free of its genuine nature and character, was exceptional to the point that it appeared for a period that the Company’s Raj would disappear from India until the spring of 1858, when demand was restored again by the driving regal forces. There were political, economic, social, religious and military causes of the revolt. There was a clash between the service conditions and religious practices of the upper caste sepoys due to the policies of the British. India as a region has known foreign invaders more frequently than any other region in world history. (iv) Begum Hazarat Mahal who also escaped to Nepal. The ‘Magna Carta’ means ‘the Great Charter’. This distrust hardened in due course as Indians were denied positions in all high civil and military jobs which were reserved for the Europeans and in particular to the British. If you think you are interested in understanding the concepts of Physics, Maths & especially Chemistry & improving your personality, then you must appreciate Sooraj Sir’s work who is himself an institution of learning. Added to the above griev­ances, there was professional discontentment among the sepoys for the following reasons: (i) The British paid a paltry amount of Rs 7 per month to an infantry sepoy, (ii) The British paid Rs 27 for a cavalry sawar from which he had to meet the cost of maintaining uniform, food and upkeep of the horse, and. Target Academy is not just a brilliant coaching for the JEE aspirants but also a great personality development institution. Sir’s guiding nature is the reason students stay in touch with him ALWAYS, every after passing out of class 12. It was truly a blessing to be here. It helped me to get good marks in boards as well as a really great college. pledged equal treatment to all subjects, whether Indians or Europeans. Further, the abolition of the monopoly of trade in 1813 of East India Company and the introduction of free trade by 1833 increased further the exploitation of the economy of India. Added to political and administrative distrust for the British East India Company, the economic policies of the British resulted in impoverishing all the segments of the Indian society except a handful of collaborators among the Indians. With Sooraj Sir, you get to explore your strengths and work on your weaknesses. The intervention of the British in social traditions by prohibiting the practice of Sati in 1829, passing laws relating to succession of property in 1832 and 1856, Widow Remarriage Act in 1856 and the Religious Disabilities Act of 1856 further strengthened the view of the conservatives that the Hindu religion and customs were being tampered by the British with the specific objective of Christianizing India. Thus, from the above discussion, we can say that the main causes of the Revolt of 1857 were due to various policies introduced by the British, the rapid spread of English education, imposing of heavy duties. The immediate cause of the revolt was the introduction of the new Enfield rifle and the greased cartridge. Annexation of territories by the British also annoyed the sepoys. The process of learning here was fun, and burden free. The End of the Revolt and its Significance: Eminent Awards (Part 1): Bharat Ratna & Padma Awards, British India: Administrative, Economic, Educational and Social Policies & Reforms, Paramilitary Forces & Special Forces of India, Syllabus, Important Topics, & Recommended Books, https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=c5jLn8GgvrU&list=PLZny5GcdWLN55HJ-z0hU83EsSZ32r-o30, A guide, a motivator, a teacher and a counselor, our instructor… Sooraj Sir, Was the Revolt of 1857 the first rebellion against the British in India? 17. She is a manufacturing country; her manufacturers of various descriptions have existed for ages, and have never been able to be completed by any nation wherever fair play has been given to them. He was driven by conviction to bring all the Indian states ruled by local rulers into the fold of British administration. British rule had adversely affected the interest of almost all sections of society and severely affected the way of life in India. Further, the contents of the letter of Mr. Edmund, a missionary also strengthened the apprehensions of the Hindus. The letter reads as follows: “As all India obeyed one government as in all parts of the country kept up constant communication with the other by means of the electric telegraph – and as the Railway system united the extremes of the Peninsula, it was necessary that there should be one religion also, and therefore that everyone should embrace Chris­tianity”. He listens to our problems, gives solutions, discusses current affairs to expand our horizon. The sever famines which devoured millions of people remained issues, that were never addressed. In the end, we may presume that the revolt of 1857 was the result of a culmination of popular dissatisfaction that had been simmering for a long time against the policies of the British in India – expansion, exploitation and economic drain and humiliation of the Indian spirit by advocating the white- man’s civilizing mission – factors of multiple dimension of direct and indirect, long run and short run and of immediate nature led to the revolt of 1857. The factors like localizing of risings, loyalty of the native princes, lack of efficient generals, lack of commonly agreed national level leaders, lack of adequate arms, proven communication system of the British and control of sea by British were ultimately responsible for the failure of the revolt of 1857. The revolt also exhibited Hindu-Muslim unity. It is so, as the one hundred years penetration of the British East India into different parts of India through wars and diplomacy and the introduction of alien revenue, judicial social intervention methods and language of English as the medium of instruction at the school and collegiate level destabilized the existing pre-British socio-cultural fabric. Various land revenue settlements introduced by the British; Dalhousie’s doctrine of lapse. 1. Sooraj Sir is an amazing personality, full of knowledge. Some other reasons that led to the formation of the revolt of 1857 were the economical discrimination. This disaffection ultimately led to a mass uprising which we know today as the revolt of 1857. 19. There was discrimination not only in the lower level, it prevailed in every … A large number of Indian rulers and chiefs were dislodged, thus arousing fear in the minds of other ruling families who apprehended a similar fate. The Revolt of 1857 came to an end with the victory of the British. Mangal Pandey was a represen­tative of the totality of the sepoys’ wrath against the British. The guilty sepoys were punished severely with 500 to 900 lashes. Target Academy is undoubtedly the BEST coaching in Lucknow. (v) Maulvi Ahmadullah who carried on the revolt around the borders of Avadh and Rohilkhand till his death in June 1858 and Tantia Tope, uprooted from his base on the Jamuna at Kalpi, reached Gwalior in June 1858, crossed the Narmada in October and was captured and put to death in 1859. 16. The general service establishment Act of 1856 of the time of Lord Canning was the immediate cause of discontentment as it stipulated that every sepoy must be ready to serve anywhere in India or abroad. (4) Military and the immediate affair of greased cartridges. Further, the missionary activities of charitable and philanthropic nature were looked with suspicion as the missionaries used to heckle the Hindus for worshipping many gods and goddesses, and their efforts to convert to Christianity many economically and socially backward community people and in their educational institutions they began to openly canvas about Christianity. In this article of Target General Studies, we have covered a very important topic – the Vellore Mutiny and the Revolt of 1857 in British India. Read more General Awareness articles in our Target General Studies section. The Revolt of 1857 – the First War of Independence. The Causes Of The Rebellion. Added to thepolitical and administrative distrust and hatred, the economic exploitation, the social and religious discrimination of superiority complex viewing the Indians as racially inferior and culturally backward and their belief that God had created the white men to civilize the Indians and intol­erance of the idolatry of the Hindus by the Christian missionaries also created distrust between the natives and the British. The Revolt of 1857 is called as ‘Sepoy Mutiny’, ‘Great Revolt’ and the ‘First War of Indian Independence‘ is the turning point in the account of pre-independent and early colonial India. There are certain political causes of the 1857 revolt .. such as . 11.5. Special attention is paid to competitive exams through Target+ courses, due to which I got to learn with the brightest minds from various schools in Lucknow. 3. causes of the revolt of 1857 • political causes. The Magna Carta has come to be a very powerful symbol of liberty all over the world.). Very soon, the rebellion spread throughout northern and central India. In this revolt, human loss on both sides was considerable. Every coaching will just teach the technical concepts but there are hardly people like Sooraj Sir, who guide students on how to survive pressure, deal with expectations and still shine bright in this cut throat competition. Besides the above political and administrative, economic, social and religious grievances, another major cause was the unrest of the sepoys in the army of the British. Fig. The rebels proclaimed Fettah Hyder as their new ruler, and hoisted tiger-stripped flag of Tipu Sultan. Also Read: Causes of the Revolt of 1857. Not just to learn but if you wish to understand, not just to gain knowledge but if you wish to gain wisdom, not just to touch the clouds of your goal but if you wish to rule them, Target Academy is your destination. The Indian Sepoy were underpaid whereas their European counterpart were not. As regards the RebeIlion of 1857, the fact is, that for a long period, many grievances had been rankling in the hearts of the people. Indian Mutiny, widespread but unsuccessful rebellion begun in 1857 against British rule in India. The army of Vellore mutinied against the British in 1806 opposing the replacement of turban by a leather cockade. You are TRULY THE BEST! 3. It was the first great struggle of the Indians for freedom from British imperialism. Humiliation of the Indian sepoys. In a way, partially the outburst of 1857 was a revolt of the old against the new, of Indian conservatism against the arrogant British hegemony and Christian indoctrination. Disclaimer Copyright, History Discussion - Discuss Anything About History, Failure of Great Indian Revolt of 1857 and Its Causes, The Revolt of 1857 in India (Study Notes), Revolt of 1857 in India : Nature and Results, The Revolt of 1857 in India: Causes, Spread and Other Details, Forts in India: 5 Magnificent Ancient Forts in India, Mosques in India: 15 Ancient Mosques in India. Its cartridges had a greased cover which had to be bitten off before loading the cartridge in the rifle. No single segment of population welcomed the rule of the British by 1857. Causes of the Indian Rebellion of 1857. Target Academy is an impressive institute of good repute. At Target Academy, under Sooraj Sir, not only did I get to understand the mysteries of Physics, Chemistry and Mathematics but also that of the subject called Life. The economic policies of the British were mainly exploitative and led to the severe destruction of the Indian economy. • social and religious causes. Political Reasons for the Failure of 1857 Revolt. For which he started to use doctrine of lapse. The event of March 29, 1857 of Barrackpore kindled the spirits of other sepoys and by the 11 May, 1857, almost half of the sepoys joined the great revolt. (ii) Nanasaheb, the adopted son of the last Peshwa, Baji Rao II, who led the mutiny at Kanpur and escaped to Nepal in the beginning of 1859. The rebellious army reached Delhi on May 12, 1857. Owing to their colonial policies of economic exploitation, industry, trade commerce and agriculture languished and India became de-industrialized, impoverished and debt-ridden, while, William Bentinck himself admitted that by 1833-34 “The misery hardly finds a parallel in the history of commerce. As a result, there was an increase in dissatisfaction and hatred against British rule among different sections of Indian society. Though the revolt was completely suppressed, it shook the British foundation in India. To reduce her now to an agricultural country would be an injustice to India.” While the above was the opinion of a Britisher, Mr. Martin, another Britisher, Mr Cope made the following statement before the Parliamentary Committee in 1840: “I certainly pity the East Indian labourer, but at the same time I have a great feeling for my family than for the East Indian labourer’s family. _____were the princely states that remained loyal to the British during the revolt of 1857. The revolt of 1857 was initiated due to various factors which are stated below: Religious & Social Causes – racism or racial discrimination was believed to be a major reason for the revolt of 1857 wherein Indians were exploited and were kept away from mixing with Europeans. All these leaders no doubt were affected by the policies of the British in the last hundred years and had genuine grievance against the British. Though the revolt failed, it shattered the myth of Pax Britannica and the invin­cibility of the British and created awareness in the Indians about the need for unified action in future to achieve their objective. Therefore, it is very significant. It is difficult to accept the conspiracy theory of the native rulers against the British. 11.5 : It is Henry Hardinge. 4. The Indians in general did not accept the administrative changes initiated and implemented, as most of them were alien in nature and replaced the age-old existing rules and regulations. Welcome to HistoryDiscussion.net! In the end, we may presume that the revolt of 1857 was the result of a culmination of popular dissatisfaction that had been simmering for a long time against the policies of the British in India – expansion, exploitation and economic drain and humiliation of the Indian spirit by advocating the white- man’s civilizing mission – factors of multiple dimension of direct and indirect, long run and short run … Political Factors (Political causes of Revolt of 1857 in points) 1. a) Due to the British expansionist policies, most of the Raja’s, Nawab’s and the zamindar’s, were either dispossessed from their state or became subsidiary to the British. Content Guidelines 2. For this work, we must make all efforts we can and use all power and all the authority in our hands”. Many causes led to the outbreak of Revolt of 1857. Further the latest device of the Doctrine of Lapse implemented by Dalhousie dispossessed a group of native rulers and leaders and they joined hands with the rest of the population. This website includes study notes, research papers, essays, articles and other allied information submitted by visitors like YOU. subjects, you will remember that the actual reason behind that was that you actually liked the way of teaching of that particular teacher, that reason could be anything about the tutor. The Revolt of 1857 which is called ‘Sepoy Mutiny’, ‘Great Revolt’ and the ‘First War of Indian Independence‘ is the watershed in the history of pre-independent and early colonial India. Secret associations began to form and meetings were held in which. • military causes. The Punjab and Hyderabad were absolutely peaceful. Sooraj Sir is extremely adept at analysing the individual and collective needs of the students and works with them harmoniously. which angered the local ruler, who had to now liv… TOS4. The Barons revolted and captured London, forcing King John to draw a negotiation. In loading the rifle the sepoy before inserting the cartridge had to bite off its top. I truly enjoyed studying because your classes were interesting and challenging. How is the Vellore Mutiny different from other rebellions before it? They believed that the government was deliberately trying to destroy their religious and cultural identities. A very significant rebellion took place even before than that –, The native sepoys rose in revolt in Vellore in. Lack of Societal Alternative By July 1858, the revolt was totally crushed but for local risings in certain areas. He’s been a role model in my life and I look up to him during my tough times. Tara Chand observes, “Each region became, after annexation, a scene of resistance and revolt, in which land holders and peasants were involved and in which the disbanded soldiers of the landlords, the ministers of religion and the dismissed dependents participated”, as a result of the British occupation by annexation. Annexation of Indian States by Doctrine of Lapse Policy . The Indian Rebellion of 1857 had diverse political, economic, military, religious and social causes. Fig. On July 10, 1806, the native sepoys of the 1st and 23rd Regiments started the revolt. One consequence of the mutiny was the establishment of direct British governance of India. 11.6 : This picture point out the outwardly good position of the zamindars. There is a view that resentment was brewing since 1832 which took a shape in 1857. The revolt of 1857 was a combination of political, economic, socio-religious and military causes. 21 RELIGIOUS CAUSES This Revolt was initiated by the sepoys of the company, so it has been commonly termed as ‘Sepoy Mutiny’. Thank you Sir for the all round guidance in shaping my future. The Revolt of 1857 laid the foundation for growth of Indian Nationalism in the second half of the 19th century. The Revolt of 1857 is also known as The Great Revolt of 1857 or the Sepoy mutiny of 1857. • economic causes. But target academy really makes it happen. A dozen British officers were killed. Thanks a lot sir…. THE REVOLT OF 1857 ; Social Causes ; Religious Causes; 18 SOCIAL CAUSES. Thanks a lot sir for all the love, guidance, and motivation. All these made the Indians come to the conclusion that their religion was in danger and this suspicion aroused the religious and social sentiment of the Hindus against the British. Before sharing your knowledge on this site, please read the following pages: 1. He encourages his students to learn the subject by understanding the concept from its core,thereby enabling students to realize their true potential. I think it is wrong to sacrifice the comforts of my family for the sake of the East Indian labourer because his condition happens to be worse than mine”. For me you were the one who ignited the feeling of self belief, perseverance and healthy competition in me apart for making me believe that I can achieve my goal, which once seemed to be distant reality. In one year, this coaching centre turned my incredulity of choosing Science into a confidence that is so often praised. A major cause of the outbreak of the revolt was the fear among the people that the British government was determined to destroy their religion and convert Indians to Christianity. This negotiation was called the Magna Carta, and was the first legal document to include a clause of giving all free men “the right to justice and a free trial”. One thing which I can assure you, you will not… Read more “MENTOR”. Kennedy also observed, “Whatever misfortune may come on us, so long as our empire in India continues, so long let us not forget that our chief work of the propagation of Christianity in the land until Hindustan from Cape Comorin to the Himalayas, embraces the religion of Christ and until it condemns the Hindu and Muslim religions, our effort must continue persis­tently. The revolt was between Indians and Britishers which took place in the year 1857 in North India especially. Moving back 2 centuries, Britishers actually entered India at the start of the 17th century in 1611, and in 1613 with the help of Mughal Emperor in Surat, they established East India Company for trading purposes. It is believed by many historians that Lord Dalhousie laid the foundations of the Indian Rebellion of 1857. Thank you so much for being a great teacher. The most well-known incident is that of Mangal Pandey, who was the first person to point a gun at a British officer and was later hanged for this. Annexation of Awadh on the charge of Mis-Governance . The native rulers were forced to disband their army who failed to obtain gainful employment elsewhere. At Delhi, the sepoys selected Bahadur Shah Zafar as their leader and declared him as the emperor of India. The spark that led to a mutiny in several sepoy companies was the issue of new gunpowder cartridges for the Enfield rifle in February 1857. The practice of sati was abolished. The Vellore Uprising was preceded by a number of protests by the Indian troops. Sir Syed Ahmad Khan observes: “All persons, whether intelligent or ignorant, respectable or otherwise, believed that the government was really and sincerely desirous of interfering with the religion and customs of the people, converting them all, whether Hindus or Muhammadans to Christianity and forcing them to adopt the European manners and habits”. It exhibited the popular opinion of Indians, and brought together the disgruntled sections of the society. However, recent researches have proved that … the introduction of enfield rifles in the army was the immediate cause because To load the rifle, sepoys had to bite the cartridge open to release the powder.The grease used on these cartridges was rumoured to be made of beef and pork which angered the hindu and the muslims in the army.Mangal pandey revolted by firing at the british officer and started the revolt. Known for excellence and quality, Target Academy is an academic coaching institute for physics, chemistry and mathematics. The British were so arrogant and haughty, that a police regulation published by a magistrate at Agra categorically states “Every native, whatever his pretended rank may be, ought to be compelled, under heavy penalties, to salaam all English gentlemen in the streets and if the native is on horseback or in a carriage, to dismount and stand in a respectful attitude until the European has passed him.”. All these things cannot be found in any coaching… and this was only possible because of one man… SOORAJ SIR. The European juries allowed European criminals with little or no punishment. It also made the British cautious in their approach to the Indian problem. After joining Target Academy I realised, whatever I had studied till then in my previous coaching did not stand me a chance in the engineering competitive exams. ), Very Important Points about the Indian Revolt of 1857. Most Important Points on: Revolt of 1857. But it was not simply a revolt of sepoys. • immediate cause… Which of the following was not a cause of the revolt of 1857? It was believed that the grease was made out of the fats of cows and pigs. All the notes, soft copies, links, helped me to reach where I am today. Most of all thank you for modeling my values and behaviour. Further, the open disrespect exhibited by the British towards the last of the Mughal ruler Bahadur Shah Zafar made the Muslims rise in revolt. Political Causes: Nana Sahib alias Dhondu Pant was refused pension, as he was the […] This severely hurt the religious sentiments of the sepoys who were mainly Hindus and Muslims. The parliamentary reports of 1840 also record that while the British cotton and silk goods imported into India paid a duty of VA per cent and woolen goods 2 per cent, Indian cotton goods exported to Britain paid 10 per cent, silk goods 20 per cent and the woolen goods 30 per cent. Every extra class was like adding extra marks to our board exams. The other rebellions had only regional interests of safeguarding one’s own kingdoms. Early Uprisings; The revolt of 1857 Finally, the suspicion that the greased cartridge which was used in Enfield rifles was filled with the fat of cow and pig made the sepoys to openly rebel by killing a British officer. The British also possessed almost unlimited supplies of modern artillery to quickly suppress the 1857 Revolt. When teachers such as Sooraj Sir are our mentors, the future is certainly as bright as the sun. I could study at IIM Indore’s IPM program (the pioneer batch 2011-16) just because of him! The Indian soldiers were introduced to the new Enfield Rifle for the first time. Sooraj Sir has been a guiding angel at every step of my life. I am glad I met you and came to Target Academy! A group of historians and writers has asserted that the Revolt was the result of a widespread and well-organized conspiracy. What is the Magna Carta? The unjustified and unethical Doctrine of Lapse was the last straw on the camel’s back which made the native rulers take up arms and start revolt. Under this spurious doctrine, he annexed Satara, Sambalpur, Jhansi and Nagpur etc. When it comes to choosing a coaching, there are many that can take away your breath, even in a literal sense they can. In 1215, King John of England had imposed heavy taxes on his barons to fund his foreign wars. The levels of exploitation of Indians were so high, that even the British felt so sad and disturbed that they wrote, “India is as much a manufacturing country as she is an agricultural one. They were unable to carry through their early military successes. Under the doctrine of lapse, the British annexed any Indian state where the ruler did not have a male heir. Thanks for encouraging and building my confidence. It can be conclu­sively said that the discontentment, suspicion, and hatred among all sections and displacement of earlier power structures led to the great revolt of 1857. Child marriage, infanticide and polygamy were not allowed. The period after the revolt saw major changes in … The Indian public which does not like sudden changes was applied with the new laws and customs which were anathema to th… You will be in a coaching of 20-30 students but you will get the feel of a private tuition with the personal attention he pays to each student. For local risings in certain areas Indians or Europeans to Nepal eye-opener to the outbreak of of! King John to draw a negotiation mass uprising which we know today as the revolt of or! Famines which devoured causes of revolt of 1857 in points of people remained issues, that were never addressed since 1832 took. Marriage, infanticide and polygamy were not the mutiny was the adopted son Peshwa! 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