That has not stopped people trying to define religion, but their definitions are clearly different: Religion is the sigh of the oppressed creature, the heart of a heartless world, just as it is the spirit of a spiritless situation. It is the opiate of the people The substantive definition is asking what the religion is in order to define it. GradesFixer. You can get 100% plagiarism FREE essay in 30sec, Sorry, we cannot unicalize this essay. New York: The Free Press (Simon & Schuster), 1995 [1912], pages 39-44. This links to religion as Freud argues that God can also be a Father figure amongst believers. n. 1. a. In my opinion, Marx’s definition of religion is good as it accounts for everyone in society however his definition and view is not as fluid or as dynamic as religion is. Functional Definitions of Religion . Religion is form: tradition, doctrine, rites and rituals. In particular, note that the definitions of both atheistic/"philosophical" Satanism and theistic/"religious" Satanism both revolve around the figure of Satan, NOT around ANY specific set of beliefs or ideals that Satan is believed to represent. For those who focus on functionalist definitions, religion is all about what it does: if your belief system plays some particular role either in your social life, in your society, or in your psychological life, then it is a religion; otherwise, it’s something else (like philosophy). 1 0. mafe. An initial naïve attempt at a descriptive definition of“morality” might take it to refer to the most importantcode of conduct put forward by a society and accepted by the membersof that society. Each of the essays is an effort not only to take stock of the present controversy concerning appropriate methodologies for the study of religion, but also to take one giant step beyond that to formulate a precise definition of religion. Scholars of religious studies. Here I will show you the best definition by different educationist in India as well as western philosophers. Available from: https://gradesfixer.com/free-essay-examples/different-scholars-definitions-of-religion/, Recieve 100% plagiarism-Free paper just for 4.99$ on email, *Public papers are open and may contain not unique content. Merriam-Webster’s Encyclopedia of World Religions A definition that has received reasonable acceptance among scholars is as follows: religion is a system of communal beliefs and practices relative to superhuman beings. The word ‘religion’ derives from the Latin words ‘religio’, ‘religere’ and ‘religare’. Oxford Dictionaries defines religion as the belief in and worship of a superhuman controlling power, especially a personal God or gods. The following definition, suggested by James Martineau, is of this type: “Religion is the belief in an ever living God”.2While definitions of this type highlight something important about religions—the undeniable fact that propositional beliefs typically play a significant role within them—nevertheless, they take no account of other, equally prominent, features of religion. It is also should be mentioned that Marx saw two classes of society, both the working classes (Proletarians) and the modern capitalists who exploit the working classes (Bourgeois). Freud does have some compelling arguments when it comes to psychology however going back to Ernest Jones’ comment, his beliefs are so reductionist that it offends some believers as he doesn’t look at a bigger picture. George Bernard Shaw ¼k\ùöw8}CüåsŒÍäàU?>+¾�³ÅG�œY Os¡�kÍv°E™Ği£5°*~ÁŠ†Õê\qÚ"]ì ÛGZ9¤=x]Û«4šÅª5Çî3_”yhAI,(g²Îa£DÉÔÎ ¡y*«ŒÖ´lTÊ5ÔQ¨¹*EÅa›‹4²Î9œq]Úè4çãG#q‰-vğKf&L˜Ö¸Ç…\¾²¤Áu©7ÄxYŠ‚ÃI£Îs.Ê)ü€ì�3uIG�‡Ø±"²8¼ë²Á¿S¼É÷ñA8H‚V=�üRepÕRü©¯Ä�ÿJÉÒ°ãGV‹Ê¦»ã®§nEüÚğÆ®2\õàêm». Are you interested in getting a customized paper? This definition is that it doesn’t focus on the narrow characteristic of believing in God. Some dictionary definitions. "Religion is the belief in an ever-living God, that is, in a Divine Mind and Will ruling the Universe and holding moral relations with mankind." The essay will examine and assess the beliefs and theories of Emile Durkheim, Karl Marx and Sigmund Freud. A learned person. Rudolph Otto "Religion is that which grows out of, and gives expression to, experience of the holy in its various aspects." Barrie, The Twelve-Pound Look (1910) "Religion consists in a set of things which the average man thinks he believes and wishes he was certain of." 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