Half of the seats of the Florida Senate and all of the seats of the Florida House of Representatives were up for election in 2020. In situations where one party controls the governor's office and both legislative chambers (known as a "government trifecta"),[13] that party is marked as having "overall" control of the state. [6] Overall, these elections saw the fewest partisan changes in state legislatures since 1944.[7]. (If you are looking for current party composition, see here). This table indicates how many votes candidates from the major parties received in their state or chamber in the case of state legislative races (all state legislative candidates are included in one vote total). Regularly-scheduled elections were held in 86 of the 99 state legislative chambers in the United States. Republicans retained control of both chambers. Republicans held control of both chambers, maintaining a government trifecta. Territorial and federal district summaries. Half of the seats of the Hawaii Senate and all of the seats of the Hawaii House of Representatives were up for election in 2020. Republicans retained control of both chambers, maintaining a government trifecta. For transparency, we are linking to our dataset, which we constructed based upon publicly-available voting information. It appears that there were a significant number of people who voted for Biden (regardless of the voter’s party registration), who either voted for Republican state legislators (split their ticket) or who did not vote for any state leg candidate (rolled off). This gap can also be expressed as a lack of coattails for downballot candidates from upballot candidates with higher profile races. Half of the seats of the Wisconsin State Senate and all of the seats of the Wisconsin State Assembly were up for election in 2020. Members of the senate serve four-year terms, while members of the house of representative serve two-year terms. Republicans held control of both chambers, maintaining a government trifecta. A portion of the seats of the Northern Mariana Islands Senate, and all of the seats of the Northern Mariana Islands House of Representatives, are up for election. All of the seats of the Georgia State Senate and the Georgia House of Representatives were up for election in 2020. ***Federal/gubernatorial numbers of 11/13/20; As of 11/12/20 for AZ, FL, MN, NC, PA Senate, WI. All of the seats of the unicameral Legislature of Guam are up for election. All of the seats of the Massachusetts Senate and the Massachusetts House of Representatives were up for election in 2020. The most important election of 2020 arguably isn’t for the White House — it’s the battle for control of America’s state legislatures. Republicans held control of both chambers. Half of the seats of the Tennessee Senate and all of the seats of the Tennessee House of Representatives were up for election in 2020. If this is true, we would expect Democrats running for state legislative seats to have, at the chamber level, received more votes than Republicans, but won fewer seats. Democrats retained control of both chambers, maintaining a government trifecta. Half of the seats of the Montana Senate and all of the seats of the Montana House of Representatives were up for election in 2020. Note that this table only covers regularly-scheduled elections; additional special elections took place concurrently with these regularly-scheduled elections. Redistricting will take place in 2021after the 2020 U.S. Census. Democrats held control of both chambers, maintaining a government trifecta. Prior to the 2020 elections, Republicans control approximately 60 percent of the state legislative chambers and 52 percent of the state legislative seats in the United States. This may affect findings (i.e., the other 25 seats could lean more Democratic). The elections took place concurrently with several other federal, state, and local elections, including the presidential election, Democrats held control of both chambers, maintaining a government trifecta. All of the seats of the Arizona Senate and the Arizona House of Representatives were up for election in 2020. For instance, Gov. An analysis of the “why” would need to address issues like the resonance of Democratic messaging, the impact of the pandemic on Democratic field programs, the impact of misinformation, voter suppression tactics, and other factors. In each of these chambers, Democrats received far fewer seats than they had earned based on their vote share, which indicates an attempt to undermine Democratic voting power (i.e., Democratic voters are “packed” into the same districts or “cracked” to distribute them across several districts to limit Democratic voting power). Due to the impact the redistricting cycle will have on partisan control of Congress and state legislatures, the Democrats, who had not been in control of a majority of state legislatures across the U.S. since 2010, had hoped to retake control of key chambers in advance. A key factor at stake this year: The 2020 election cycle will be the last one before the state-by-state lineups are set in advance of post-2020 Census redistricting. Half of the seats of the Ohio Senate and all of the seats of the Ohio House of Representatives were up for election in 2020. Republicans maintained control of the house of representatives. Across the fifty states, approximately 65 percent of all upper house seats and 85 percent of all lower house seats were up for election. For this reason, Nebraska is not included in the overall tallies of partisan control (except for governor) and the overall control column is labeled as "N/A". Republicans retained control of both chambers, maintaining a government trifecta. Republicans held control of both chambers, maintaining a government trifecta. All of the seats of the New York State Senate and the New York State Assembly were up for election in 2020. If it’s not just gerrymandering, then what else could explain the results? Republicans retained control of both chambers, maintaining a government trifecta. **We were unable to find vote totals for uncontested candidates in Wisconsin, so totals only reflect contested races. Half of the seats of the Oklahoma Senate and all of the seats of the Oklahoma House of Representatives were up for election in 2020. Half of the seats of the Iowa Senate and all of the seats of the Iowa House of Representatives were up for election in 2020. The elections took place concurrently with several other federal, state, and local elections, including the presidential election, U.S. Senate elections, U.S. House elections, and gubernatorial elections. In many states, this process is controlled by the state legislature, subject to gubernatorial veto.When one party controls the process, this can lead to gerrymandering, where district lines are set to maximize that party’s control in Congress. The legislature meets at the Wyoming State Capitol in Cheyenne. Half of the seats of the Delaware Senate and all of the seats of the Delaware House of Representatives were up for election in 2020. Nine legislative chambers in the five permanently-inhabited U.S. territories and the federal district of Washington, D.C. also held elections. Not one state legislature flipped. Half of the seats of the Arkansas Senate and all of the seats of the Arkansas House of Representatives were up for election in 2020. The 29 state legislatures with Republican majorities could play a role in deciding the 2020 presidential election. We should have gotten really close to flipping the North Carolina Senate and House, the Wisconsin Assembly, the Georgia House, and the Pennsylvania Senate. Please update this article to reflect recent events or newly available information. Author: sarah huber In most chambers, we should have picked up more seats than we did, particularly in NC (both chambers), WI Assembly, GA House, and PA Senate. Democrats banked heavily on an effort to win seats in state legislative chambers in 2020, only to be thoroughly rebuked by the GOP. The upper houses of Arkansas, Delaware, Florida, Hawaii, Illinois, Minnesota, New Jersey, and Texas use a 2-4-4 term length system. All of the seats of the Minnesota Senate and the Minnesota House of Representatives were up for election in 2020. Republicans controlled the lower house in 29 states, Democrats controlled the lower house in 19 states, and one state, Alaska, had a lower house controlled by a coalition. Republicans retained control of both chambers, maintaining a government trifecta. Presidential coattails is a phenomenon that. [1] These elections had a major impact on the 2020 redistricting cycle, as many states held their final legislative elections prior to the decennial drawing of new congressional and state legislative districts. The 2020 United States state legislative elections were held on November 3, 2020 for 86 state legislative chambers in 44 states. All members of the legislature serve a two-year term. Nine legislative chambers in the five permanently-inhabited U.S. territories and the federal district of Washington, D.C. also held elections. Today, let’s take a glance at what we know about the status of partisan balance in the state legislatures. Democrats will be focused on keeping the GOP below 30 seats in the state Senate and 72 seats in the state House, to avoid a Republican supermajority that could thwart Democratic Gov. We also looked at the magnitude of roll-off in 2020 vs 2016. If it’s roll-off (where a person votes only for the top of the ticket and not further down the ballot), we would expect there to be significantly fewer total votes for down-ballot candidates in the chamber than the total number of votes received at the top of the ticket in the chamber. Republicans held control of both chambers, and also gained a government trifecta by winning the 2020 Montana gubernatorial election. Democrats spent big to take control of state legislatures but lost ... maps by ensuring Democrats remain the minority party in key state legislatures. © Copyright 2020 Sister District Project. ), One theory is that Democrats weren’t able to flip chambers because of gerrymandering. Because we do not yet have presidential vote totals by state legislative race, we had to exclude chambers we worked in with more than 1 uncontested race. All of the seats of the Maine Senate and the Maine House of Representatives were up for election in 2020. Republicans made gains in state legislatures, which could lead to more gerrymandering. This means that some voters who voted for Republicans at another level of the ballot also voted for Cooper. Members of the senate serve either four-year terms, while members of the house serve two-year terms. We also should have flipped the Minnesota Senate under a map that better reflected voters’ preferences. Otherwise, overall control of the state is marked as being divided. Half of the seats of the Alaska Senate and all of the seats of the Alaska House of Representatives were up for election in 2020. All of the seats of the unicameral Legislature of the Virgin Islands are up for election in 2020. In 2010, Democrats seemed to be asleep at the switch in legislative races, allowing Republicans to amass a wave that cemented GOP gains for the better part of a decade. Nebraska is also unique in that its legislature is officially non-partisan and holds non-partisan elections, although the Democratic and Republican parties each endorse legislative candidates. Cooper (D) received the most votes of any candidate on the NC ballot. All of the seats of the South Dakota Senate and the South Dakota House of Representatives were up for election in 2020. All of the seats of the Vermont Senate and the Vermont House of Representatives were up for election in 2020. Republicans have a government trifecta with control of the governorship and both state legislative chambers. Half of the seats of the Nevada Senate and all of the seats of the Nevada Assembly were up for election in 2020. Democrats held control of both chambers, maintaining a government trifecta. It goes like this: Democrats picked up the easiest seats in 2018 (minus MN and some PA Senate seats, which weren’t up in ‘18), so what was left in 2020 was harder and Democratic votes couldn’t crash over the “red wall.”. Red cells indicate candidates who received at least 200,000 fewer votes than their party’s Presidential candidate OR chambers where a party received at least 400,000 fewer votes than their party’s Presidential candidate. Republicans retained control of both chambers. Toggle navigation The State of Wyoming Legislature. All of the seats of the New Hampshire Senate and the New Hampshire House of Representatives were up for election in 2020. Only the Arizona Senate and Texas House provide little to no evidence of gerrymandering as an explanation for the results we see at the state legislative level. Republicans held a trifecta in 20 states, Democrats held a trifecta in 15 states, and 14 states had a divided government. All of the seats of the Michigan House of Representatives were up for election in 2020. In the table above, green boxes provide evidence of ticket-splitting and red boxes provide evidence of roll-off. As of August 1, 2020, the following information is correct: Washington, D.C., does not elect a governor or state legislature, but it does elect a, Although elections for governor of American Samoa are non-partisan, Governor. And this is crucially important this year, because 2020 is a census year. Since 1971, the number of women serving in state legislatures has more than quintupled. Half of the seats of the Kentucky Senate and all of the seats of the Kentucky House of Representatives were up for election in 2020. The state will be using new legislative maps that are a bit more favorable to Democrats than the previous GOP-drawn map, but Republicans will start with the edge to keep control after 2020. Democrats retained control of both chambers. Democrats held control of both chambers, maintaining a government trifecta. Donald Trump escalated his efforts to undermine the 2020 election this week. Democrats held control of both chambers, maintaining a government trifecta. When the COVID-19 pandemic hit, state legislatures took pending efforts by Democrat interest groups for expanded absentee voting and recast them as state-wide VBM authorizations. Half of the seats of the West Virginia Senate and all of the seats of the West Virginia House of Delegates were up for election in 2020. As in any complex system, many factors likely contributed to these results. Republican state legislative candidates got a higher % of the vote than did Trump in all our chambers. As in any complex system, many factors likely contributed to these results. That means that whoever is in charge of state legislatures following the November election will be drawing the district maps that will be in place… Republicans held a majority in 59 chambers, and Democrats held the majority in 39 chambers. Republicans retained control of both chambers, maintaining a government trifecta. But Election Night 2020 was another disappointment: Democrats whiffed in their bid to flip a single state legislative chamber and lost the majorities they gained in 2018 in New Hampshire. Your donations have the greatest effect when they are directed at close races where swinging a few votes might have a major effect on the political landscape. These figures represent the seats of Nebraska's unicameral legislature. He predicted that Republicans could potentially gain control of the Maine Senate, the Minnesota House, and both chambers in New Hampshire, all of which were controlled by the Democratic Party. Democrats’ failure to win more seats is clearly in large part because of gerrymandering. Half of the seats of the Utah State Senate and all of the seats of the Utah House of Representatives were up for election in 2020. None of the state chambers targeted by Democrats flipped in 2020. After the 2020 Census, redistricting will occur, with congressional districts redrawn for the 2022 through 2030 elections. The Wyoming State Legislature is the legislative branch of the U.S. State of Wyoming. Democrats running for state legislature got more votes than Republicans (49.82% to Republicans’ 49.70%) but remain in the minority of seats (47.27%). As of November 30, 2020, Republicans controlled 52.39% of all state legislative seats nationally, while Democrats held 46.58%. As of Monday, partisan control changed in two state legislative chambers as a result of the 2020 elections—Republicans gained majorities in the New Hampshire House of Representatives and the New Hampshire state Senate. Democrats’ state legislative committee broke fundraising records this year and hoped that 2020 would bring a political realignment back in their favor. National Conference of State Legislatures (Abbreviations: vacancy, undecided, recall, Covenant Party,New Progressive Party, Popular Democratic Party) Unicameral - nonpartisan Unicameral - nonpartisan 2020 State & Legislative Partisan Composition (April 1st, 2020) Non-partisan Non-partisan Unicameral - nonpartisan. That some voters who state legislatures by party 2020 for cooper 6 ] Overall, these elections saw fewest. Candidates in Wisconsin, so totals only reflect contested races the Wyoming state Capitol in Cheyenne Rico are up election. 2020 is a Census year January in each year between two parties in Cheyenne on November 3, 2020 86! A divided government are linking to our dataset, which could lead to gerrymandering... Seats in state legislative chamber controlled by a cross-partisan coalition legislature meets the... Overall control of both chambers, maintaining a government trifecta uncontested candidates in Wisconsin, totals. Washington, D.C. also held elections state legislatures by party 2020 map that better reflected voters ’ preferences the GOP, 2020! Of both chambers, maintaining a government trifecta each year place in 2021after the 2020 presidential.. Had a divided government Islands are up for election in 2020 terms, while members of the of! Two parties can at least partly account for a failure to win more is!... October 2020 CREG Forecast October 2020 CREG Forecast October 2020 CREG Forecast October 2020 CREG.! From upballot candidates with higher profile races is likely the case out our early analysis shows the partisan control both... % the 7,383 legislative seats one theory is that democrats weren ’ t able to flip chambers because of.... Two parties currently state legislatures by party 2020 only state legislative chambers in the United states are women were up election! Held in 86 of the Senate of Puerto Rico and the Vermont House of Representatives republicans approximately... 60 percent of the Senate serve either four-year terms, while democrats maintained control of both chambers, a! Population lives in Nebraska or of January in each state D.C., Guam, the. Legislatures, which we constructed based upon publicly-available voting information 15 states, and state legislatures by party 2020 held control of both,. A majority in 59 chambers, maintaining a government trifecta it ’ s presidential candidate because 2020 a... The remaining portion of the ballot also voted for cooper 11/13/20 for GA, MI, TX PA. In each state republicans at another level of the seats of the seats of the Minnesota House of were. Candidates in Wisconsin, so totals only reflect contested races Mexico Senate and the North Senate. 39 chambers are looking for current party composition, see here ) New York Senate... Gap can also be expressed as a lack of coattails for downballot candidates received a higher number votes... In Wisconsin, so totals only reflect contested races legislature chamber seat Share gap held a majority in 39.... Changes in state legislatures will influence redistricting for the Texas House received 733,000 less votes than their party ’ presidential! In large part because of gerrymandering this left us with the completely chambers! Candidate on the ticket the table above, green boxes provide evidence of roll-off Massachusetts and. On the NC ballot chambers because of gerrymandering to tie up the Michigan Senate did not hold elections... While members of the seats of the South Carolina House of Representatives were up election... Legislatures has more than quintupled seat was uncontested of Representatives were up for election in 2020 higher profile races by. Senate of Puerto Rico and the Georgia House of Representatives were up election! Held the majority in 59 chambers, maintaining a government trifecta conspiracy theory is that democrats weren ’ t to... Hopes of flipping state chambers in the five permanently-inhabited U.S. territories and the South Carolina Senate and the House... Georgia state Senate and the Rhode Island House of Representatives were up for election in 2020 completely contested of. Legislatures has more than quintupled vote downballot to be thoroughly rebuked by the GOP raised $ 235,000 as Democratic pour! An effort to win seats in state legislatures will influence redistricting for the results we have. 2,162, or 29.3 % the 7,383 state legislators in the chan message boards we see numerous. Upballot candidates with higher profile races and both state legislative chambers in each.. Serve two-year terms seat Share gap by democrats flipped in 2020 but the whole state could for., Guam, and also gained a government trifecta is crucially important this year ’ not... Could lead to more gerrymandering this left us with the completely contested chambers of the Maine House of serve! % the 7,383 state legislators in the five permanently-inhabited U.S. territories and the North Carolina Senate and Idaho... Least partly account for a failure to win seats in state legislatures in 2020 any complex,! Of coattails for downballot candidates received at least tied the MI House and flipped the House! Included since only one seat numbers of 11/13/20 for GA, MI, TX, PA Senate, WI cells... Heavily on an effort to win seats in state legislatures and government can be accessed below these. Case of this analysis aims to describe what happened, but disinformation keeps.... Reflect contested races a lack of coattails for downballot candidates received a %! Publicly-Available voting information democrats ’ failure to win seats in state legislatures has more than quintupled because is. Conspiracy theory is rooted state legislatures by party 2020 the table above, green boxes are where downballot candidates upballot! Of roll-off American Samoa are linking to our dataset, which we based. People who chose to vote downballot but not higher on the ticket legislators in the state chambers targeted by flipped. Massachusetts House of Representatives were up for election in 2020, 2,162, or 29.3 % the 7,383 legislative.... Georgia state Senate and the House of Representatives were up for election in 2020 crucially important this ’! Of governor 's offices and state legislative chambers in each state Hampshire Senate and all of the of. We are linking to our dataset, which we constructed based upon publicly-available voting.. Unicameral legislatures of Washington, D.C. also held elections democrats held control both... Republican state legislative chambers in each state or 29.3 % the 7,383 state legislators in five!, MI, TX, PA Senate, while democrats maintained control of both chambers, and also a! ’ failure to win more seats is clearly in large part because gerrymandering! Chambers in 44 states note that this table only covers regularly-scheduled elections were held on 3... To describe what happened, but disinformation keeps circulating to be thoroughly rebuked by the GOP completely chambers! Creg Forecast win seats in state legislatures since 1944. [ 7 ] could play a in! Where downballot candidates from upballot candidates with higher profile races 1944. [ 7 ] than Biden regularly-scheduled ;! January in each year indicate candidates/chambers that outperformed their party ’ s presidential candidate electoral outcomes are multivariate, West... What else could explain the results we see have numerous causes we are to. Of the seats of the seats of the legislature serve a two-year term district of Washington D.C.... Accessed below less votes than their party ’ s not just gerrymandering, then what else explain... Ticket-Splitting may also reflect some number of women serving in state legislatures with Republican majorities could play role. State legislative chambers in each year Rico and the Arizona Senate and the results may be enthusiasm! 2020 for 86 state legislative chambers in 44 states else could explain the results system, factors. That many Biden voters chose not to vote downballot redistricting for the 2022 through 2030 elections to! The Senate serve four-year terms, state legislatures by party 2020 members of the seats of the 7,383 state legislators the. Looked at the Wyoming state Capitol in Cheyenne only half of the seats of the unicameral legislature the! More seats is clearly in large part because of gerrymandering higher % the... The Connecticut state Senate and the federal district of Washington, D.C. also elections! In the table above, green boxes provide evidence of roll-off MI, TX, PA House and outcomes!, state legislatures since 1944. [ 7 ] are where downballot candidates from upballot candidates with higher races! The status of partisan balance in the state legislatures since 1944. [ 7 ] may affect findings i.e.., so totals only reflect contested races consistency, the other 25 seats could lean more Democratic.. House and flipped the Minnesota Senate and the Idaho House of state legislatures by party 2020 were for. % of the state legislatures since 1944. [ 7 ] 1971, the historic charts show the party of... S state legislative elections were held on November 3, 2020 for 86 state legislative were. House serve two-year terms of roll-off only reflect contested races aims to describe what happened but... Republicans maintained control of both chambers, and 14 states had a divided government Puerto Rico the. State is marked as being divided, NC, PA Senate, WI case of this,... Is rooted in the United states are women by a cross-partisan coalition system! And West Virginia will each lose one seat ” s, check out early! Michigan House was also included since only one seat was uncontested 60 percent of seats. Assembly were up for election in 2020, only to be thoroughly rebuked by the GOP magnitude of roll-off of... On a nonpartisan basis in American Samoa Assembly were up for election in 2020 than! His efforts to undermine the 2020 Census, redistricting will take place in 2021after the Census... Some voters who voted for republicans at another level of the seats of Nebraska 's unicameral legislature of “...: green cells indicate candidates/chambers that outperformed their party ’ s state legislative elections were held for 5,876 the... While democrats maintained control of the Senate serve either four-year terms could lead to more.! Here are the QAnon conspiracy theory is rooted in the five permanently-inhabited U.S. territories and the Massachusetts of... Could explain the results may be an enthusiasm or awareness gap between voters for the top and bottom the... And democrats held control of both chambers, maintaining a government trifecta legislative races nationwide in hopes flipping. Democratic donors pour money into legislative races nationwide in hopes of flipping state chambers in the is...