The eastern Ukrainian region of Donbass, which consists of the Donetsk and Luhansk provinces, has been the scene of fighting between the Ukrainian government and … The separatists gained control of the city's police weapons cache and seized hundreds of firearms, which prompted the Ukrainian government to launch a "counter-terrorism" operation to retake the city.  The intense combat across Shakhtarsk Raion forced a party of Dutch and Australian policemen to call off an attempt to investigate the crash site of Malaysia Airlines Flight 17. New!!  Some people gathered outside the occupied police building to voice their support for the militants. , Heavy fighting continued in Luhansk Oblast on 11 July.  It is a reserve component of the Armed Forces of Ukraine, and a light infantry force.  Several of these Cossacks formed a paramilitary unit called the 'Terek Wolves Sotnia', a reference to a detachment of White emigre Cossacks that fought against the Soviet Union during the Second World War. As fighting between separatists and the Ukrainian government worsened in Donbass, membership rose to 350, and later to 4,000. Donbas zahrnuje dnešní Doněckou a Luhanskou oblast, východní část Dněpropetrovské oblasti (okolí Pavlohradu) a také západní část Rostovské oblasti náležící k Ruské federaci.Na jihu zasahuje k Azovskému moři.Největším městem a centrem Donbasu, který je jednou z největších evropských aglomerací, je Doněck (1 milion obyvatel). It is led by the Anti-Terrorist Centre, a division of the Security Service of Ukraine (SBU). In this story map we will try to show you, the viewer, how the conflict has evolved over the years.  NATO Secretary General Anders Fogh Rasmussen confirmed that a "Russian incursion" into Ukraine had occurred.  Military operations were paused on 31 July.  The battle continued into the next day. , In a further blow to the insurgents, government forces retook the stronghold of Sloviansk on 5 July. , The Russian Foreign Ministry asked the governments of Sweden, Finland, the Baltic states, and France to conduct a thorough investigation into reports of mercenaries from their countries serving Ukrainian forces, following a story in the Italian newspaper Il Giornale.  In response to Akhmetov's refusal to pay taxes to the Donetsk People's Republic, on 20 May the chairman of the State Council of the DPR, Denis Pushilin, announced that the Republic would attempt to nationalise Akhmetov's assets. It shows areas of fighting, and which sides have de facto control of particular regions. He said that fighters, including some Cossack units, arrived from Russia to support the separatists. , Ukrainian troops guarding a road in Donbass, By 25 August, an insurgent counter-offensive had stalled the government's offensive on Donetsk and Luhansk cities. The OSCE said that these breaches of the agreement would not cause the ceasefire to collapse. , The Ukrainian miltiary said that they had gained control of Yampil and Seversk on 20 June, twenty hours before a unilateral ceasefire by Ukrainian force, as part of president Poroshenko's fifteen-point peace plan.  On the same day, militants seized control over the city administration building in Alchevsk. , The Lugansk People's Republic (LPR) was declared on 27 April. The defence ministry of Russia said the men had entered Ukraine "by mistake during an exercise".  On the next day, a city administration building in Pervomaisk was overrun by Lugansk People's Republic insurgents, who then raised their flag over it.  "More than half of the battalion's fighters are Russian-speaking eastern Ukrainians.  An air strike launched by the Armed Forces eventually managed to destroy the rocket launcher, but only after twenty-three soldiers were killed.  A statement by the National Security and Defence Council of Ukraine (NSDC) later said that Novoazovsk had been captured by "Russian troops", despite earlier denials by the Ukrainian government. The memorial atop Savur-Mohyla in August 2014, seen heavily damaged by fighting there. Many observers have asked both the Ukrainian government and the insurgents to seek peace, and ease tensions in Donetsk and Luhansk. Late on 19 June, a battle fought with tanks and armoured vehicles broke out in town of Yampil, near government-held Krasnyi Lyman.  The OSCE published a report on the next day, stating that based on "limited observation", they believed that the explosion was caused by an airstrike, verifying separatist claims. , By early August, at least 730,000 had fled fighting in the Donbass and left for Russia.  They said these vehicles were marked with "white circles or triangles", similar to the white armbands seen on the captured Russian paratroopers earlier in the week. , DPR policemen in Donetsk, 20 September 2014, Members of the Trilateral Contact Group and the DPR took part in a video conference on 25 September 2014. , A restored PTS-2 used by the separatists, shown on a bridge over the Siversky Donets river, near the city Schastia, Government forces destroyed a separatist stronghold in Semenivka, and regained control of Krasnyi Lyman on 3 June.  During the next morning, a convoy of border guardsmen was attacked by insurgents while passing Mariupol, leaving at least five of the guardsmen dead.. Template:Ongoing military conflicts, This article is about the armed conflict in the Donbass region of Ukraine.  By the start of September, after a sharp escalation over the course of August, the number of people displaced people from Donbass within Ukraine more than doubled to 260,000.  The politician, Volodymyr Rybak, was found dead near Sloviansk after having been abducted by pro-Russian insurgents. A spokesman for the Internal Affairs ministry said that government forces were "clearing" Ilovaisk of insurgents, and later captured most of the city. , Subsequently, Ukraine's Armed Forces recaptured Druzhkivka, Kostyantynivka, and Artemivsk. , 70 to 100 insurgents armed with assault rifles and rocket launches attacked an armoury in Artemivsk on 24 April.  OSCE monitors said they would observe the ceasefire, and assist the Ukrainian government in implementing it. Following negotiations the troops were allowed to drive their vehicles away, but only after agreeing to surrender the magazines from their assault rifles. They have their own combat unit, named after Jovan Å eviÄ, including forty-five members of the Chetnik movement, led by Bratislav Zivkovic. Former Soviet military veteran Vyacheslav Ponomarev, who declared himself mayor of Sloviansk, said that he appealed to old military friends to take part in the militia: "When I called on my friends, practically all of whom are ex military, they came to our rescue, not only from Russia but also from Belarus, Kazakhstan and Moldova". , Template:Post-Cold War European conflicts , A former separatist militant corroborated these stories in an interview with Radio Free Europe.  The villagers referred to them as "polite green men", a term that was used to refer to the irregular Russian forces that took control of Crimea from February 2014.  Human Rights Watch said that Ukrainian government forces, pro-government paramilitaries, and the insurgents had used unguided Grad rockets in attacks on civilian areas, stating that "The use of indiscriminate rockets in populated areas violates international humanitarian law, or the laws of war, and may amount to war crimes". President Olexander Turchynov signed a decree to retake the Donetsk RSA building, and place it "under state protection," and offered amnesty to the demonstrators if they laid down their arms. , Early in the morning on 7 May, the National Guard retook the city administration in Mariupol after heavy fighting with insurgents overnight. , Villagers from Kolosky in Starobesheve Raion told Reuters that military men with Russian accents and no identifying insignias had appeared in the village at the weekend of 23â24 August. Former insurgent commander Igor Girkin said that the insurgents had "dealt the enemy their first naval defeat". Insurgents said they lost between ten and fifty men. Ukrainian president Petro Poroshenko said on 21 September that the Armed Forces of Ukraine lost between 60% and 65% of its total active equipment over the course of the war.  Insurgents destroyed railway bridges over the roads, causing them to collapse and block the roads.  According to a spokesman for the Armed Forces, insurgents began to flee the city during the barrage, and were in a state of "panic and chaos". , The ultra-nationalist group Right Sector has its own volunteer battalion that is fighting against the separatists. Thirty bodies were repatriated to Russia after the fighting. Western officials described this new offensive as a "stealth invasion" by the Russian Federation. Up to 4,000 insurgents were present for the fighting, which started, according to the insurgents, after the Armed Forces attempted to capture insurgent-held Yampil, with the goal of breaking through to Seversk.  There were no insurgent formations within 30 kilometres (18 2⁄3 mi) of this area for many weeks.  The battle then moved to the nearby village of Tarany.  Commander of the DPR insurgents, Igor Girkin, took the decision "due to the overwhelming numerical superiority of the enemy", according to DPR prime minister Alexander Borodai. The map […], […] nÃ¥gon detaljerad information om demarkeringar av DonbassomrÃ¥det. , According to a report by National Security and Defence Council of Ukraine, crossing points on the border with Russia were attacked from Russian territory at least 153 times since 5 June.  According to the Armed Forces, three-quarters of the territory once held by the insurgents had been recaptured.  This culminated on 25 August, when the Security Service of Ukraine (SBU) said that it captured a group of Russian paratroopers in Ukrainian territory.  DPR prime minister Aleksandr Zakharchenko stated that if the Ukrainian government made "reasonable proposals to lay down arms, close borders, we will talk on equal terms as equal partners". A line to enter a polling place in Donetsk, 11 May 2014, It was reported on 12 May that, following the local autonomy referendum, the Donbass People's Militia leader Igor Girkin declared himself "Supreme Commander" of the Donetsk People's Republic.  Heavy shelling by the insurgents was reported on the eastern outskirts of Mariupol, and OSCE monitors said that the Ukrainian government had fired rockets from Donetsk International Airport.  Western officials described the new insurgent actions as a "stealth invasion" by the Russian Federation, with tanks, artillery and infantry said to have crossed into Ukraine from Russian territory. You know which country that represents". Fighting was concentrated in the northwestern districts of Kyivsky and Kuibyshevsky, and also near the central railway station and airport, leading local residents to seek refuge in bomb shelters, or to flee the city. The Armed Forces said they killed 300 insurgents, but this was not independently verified, and although a separatist commander acknowledged heavy losses, the separatists confirmed only two deaths and seven wounded on their side.  They said that they would use force if needed to defend the building from "criminals and terrorists".  The depot housed around thirty tanks.  Elsewhere, Ukrainian forces retreated from Novosvitlivka after being attacked by what they said were "Russian tanks". , The suburb of Mayorsk, just outside Horlivka, and the city of Sievierodonetsk, in Luhansk Oblast, were recaptured by the Armed Forces on 22 July. The National Guard of Ukraine was re-established on 13 March 2014, amidst rising tensions in Ukraine during the Crimean crisis.  RIA Novosti reported that eighty National Guard members subsequently surrendered to the insurgents, whilst the National Guard issued a statement that said "there have been losses both in the ranks of the military unit and the attacking side. , Unrest in Luhansk Oblast began on 6 April, when approximately 1,000 activists seized and occupied the SBU building in the city of Luhansk, following similar occupations in the cities of Donetsk and Kharkiv.  27 border guardsmen were killed in these attacks, and 185 were injured. , Insurgents occupied the city administration building in Stakhanov on 1 May.   He also said that "dozens" of tanks and armoured vehicles had been used by the insurgents in their assault on the town. One militant named Oleg, part of the Vostok Battalion, told reporters "In 2008 they were killing us and the Russians saved us.  At the time, Russian government spokesmen denied these reports. Three army infantry combat vehicles and one lorry were destroyed, and another three armoured vehicles were captured by the insurgents. The map follows an ongoing conflict between Ukrainian government and anti-government separatists allegedly supported by Russian troops in eastern Ukraine.  The demonstrators stormed the RSA building, and took control of its first two floors. Â The map of the force delineation in Donbass. Four people were killed at Marinka, a western suburb of Donetsk city, after rockets struck an insurgent-held area of the city. , Some identified maverick Cossack volunteers, particularly Don Cossacks who live on both sides of the border, are participants in the war, along with some self-styled neo-Cossack groups.  The Minister of Internal Affairs, Arsen Avakov, said on 9 April that the unrest in Donetsk Oblast would be resolved within forty-eight hours, either through negotiations or the use of force. The Moscow Times reported that the two men had been executed for "breaking their oath to the Donetsk People's Republic". An oil refinery in Lysychansk was also set alight.  The Cossacks claim that it is their faith in Cossack brotherhood, Russian imperialism, and the Russian Orthodox Church that has driven them to take part in the insurgency with the aim of conquering what they perceive as "historically Russian lands.  The Security Service of Ukraine (SBU) released videos that they said were interviews with the captive Russian soldiers.  Government forces closed in on Luhansk and Donetsk cities on 3 August.  The trapped Donbas Battalion withdrew from Ilovaisk on 30 August after negotiating an agreement with pro-Russian forces. 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