is a robust creeping perennial grass that forms dense mats. A. fissifolius is sometimes confused with A. compressus, but the latter has longer spikelets, 2-2.7 mm long, wider leaves, (6-) 8-10 mm, and culm nodes bearded (glabrous in A. fissifolius). The nutritional quality of blanket grass depends on the region and production system. The tajak, a triangular plate or hoe with a long handle, is still used to dislodge the weed from peat, in which pineapple is mainly grown ( … Nutrition Laboratory of the Thai German Dairy Project, Livestock Breeding Station Huey Kaeo, Chiang Mai, Holm, J., 1971. For properties more than 1 acre, please call for estimate. ), Forages for Plantation Crops, Proc. 333–356. Carpetgrass can be identified as a spreading perennial grassy weed with a creeping growth habit. Growth, morphology and nutritive quality of shaded, Senanayake, S. G. J. N., 1995. Jukut pahit dapat tumbuh maskimal 20cm, karakter bentuk dari tanaman ini adalah mirip seperti rumput, sehinggga proses perkembangannya berada di dekat permukaan tanah. The common name for it is carpet grass. ◆Guarantee applies to full plan customers only. Composition and nutritive value of feedstuffs in Northern Thailand. Ethnobotanical Uses [Others]: A good ground cover to prevent soil erosion, and used widely as a lawn grass in the tropical and subtropical area. Carpetgrass typically exhibits a low, creeping growth habit, making it tough to contain using cultural control methods such as hand-pulling lawn weeds or proper watering and mowing. ex Steud., Paspalum platycaulon Poir.) The website also provides access to a database and images of plants photos and herbarium specimens found … In infertile soils and shaded conditions, blanket grass can invade pastures of higher nutritive value containing grasses such as dallis grass (Paspalum dilatatum), Bermuda grass (Cynodon dactylon) or golden millet (Setaria sphacelata) swards (Cook et al., 2005). Apparently a dwarf cultivar of Axonopus compressus (Cow Grass), up to 5cm in overall height. This study investigated the allelopathic effect of Axonopus compressus litter on Asystasia gangetica and Pennisetum polystachion.In experiment 1 the bioassays with 0, 10, 30, and 50 g L −1 of aqueous A. compressus litter leachate were conducted. Leaf blades are shiny, flat, folded, lanceolate, 4-15 cm long and 2.5-15 mm broad. Valid at participating TruGreen locations. Biotech., 8 (21): 5799-5806, Warly, L. ; Evitayani; Fariani, A., 2010. Blanket grass (Axonopus compressus (Sw.) P. Axonopus Compressus. Beauv.) A. ; Arriaga-Jordán, C. M., 2008. ex Steud., Paspalum platycaulonPoir.) S. secundatum and A. compressus had similar morphological characteristics. J. The seeds are then broadcast or shallowly sown and then rolled (FAO, 2011). Beauv.) Black: MICO14: Milium compressum Sw. Blanket grass can be sown with other species including trees (rubber, oil palm or coconut trees), other grasses (Axonopus fissifolius, Chrysopogon aciculatus), or legumes (Arachis pintoi, Lotus uliginosus, Trifolium repens, T. semipilosum, Desmodium triflorum, Vigna parkeri) (FAO, 2011; Cook et al., 2005). 28, 2012, pp. Consumer responsible for all sales tax. Milium compressum Sw., Prodr. Rumput ini tumbuh terlalu rendah untuk dipotong sebagai bahan … World Academy of Science, Engineering and Technology, 68 (202): 1196-1202, Zaharaby, A. K. M. ; Mia, M. M. ; Reza, A. ; Khan, M. J. ; Ali, M. L., 2001. CRC Press, Taylor and Francis Group, Boca Raton, USA, Rocha, G. L. ; Martinelli, D. ; Correa, A. ; Tundisi, A. G. A. ; Lima, F. P. ; Kalil, E. B., 1962. Tropical forages. Blanket grass may become a weed under favourable conditions such as high rainfall and high temperatures (Ecocrop, 2011; US Forest Service, 2011). The leaves, however,generally form a dense mat that seldom reaches a … There are generally 2-3 racemes, although up to 5 is possible. Special price of 50% off is for first application only, for new residential EasyPay or PrePay customers only, and applies to lawns more than 5,000 square feet. Carpetgrass also features short blades that are rounded at the tip and nodes that are densely hairy. It is on the list of the 200 most invasive plants species of south-eastern Queensland and it also appeared quite prominently on the New South Wales North Coast environmental weed survey, which was conducted in the year 2000. A high content of non structural carbohydrates has also been reported, which may explain the high in vitro digestibility observed in some cases (Samarakoon et al., 1990). It has low tolerance of drought and cannot withstand prolonged flooding or permanently swampy conditions (FAO, 2011; Cook et al., 2005). ACIAR, Lowry, J. Section. Foliage: Leaf blades shorter and more rounded than that of Axonopus compressus. J. Appl. (Eds. Blanket grass likes an average annual temperature between 19 and 27°C and an annual rainfall between 800 mm to 5000 mm (Cook et al., 2005). Study on nutritive value of tropical forages in North Sumatra, Indonesia. Blanket grass (Axonopus compressus). Leaf-blades linear to narrowly lanceolate, 3–20 cm. Classification. Nutrition Laboratory, Chiung Mai, Ibrahim, M. A. ; Holmann, F. ; M. Hernandez, M. ; Camero, A., 2000. Avg: average or predicted value; SD: standard deviation; Min: minimum value; Max: maximum value; Nb: number of values (samples) used. Notes on 136 species. Shallow-rooted stoloniferous and shortly rhizomatous perennial, with glabrous, oval-section (± 3.5 × 2.5 mm) stolon internodes and bearded nodes; forms a dense mat with foliage 15‒20 cm tall, and flowering culms mostly 30‒45 (‒60) cm; can be mowed to a turf. Blanket grass, broadleaf carpet grass, lawn grass, Louisiana grass, tropical carpet grass, savannah grass, Kearsney grass [English]; grama ancha, grama bahiana, grama brasilera, grama brasileña, alfombra, grama trenza, zacate amargo, nudillo, barbacoa, cañamazo dulce [Spanish]; pasto-chato, grama-são-carlos, grama curitibana, grama-sempre-verde, grama-tapete, capim-bananal [Portuguese]; rumput pahit, papahitan, jukut pahit [Indonesian]; cow grass, rumput parit [Malay], Axonopus compressus (Sw.) P. Beauv. This may have been related to the lower pasture in vitro OM digestibility (56% for Axonopus compressus vs. 65% for Paspalum notatum) (Aviles-Nova et al., 2008). Institute of Advanced Study in Science and Technology (IASST), Guwahati‐781 035, Assam, India. It is often confused with Axonopus affinis but is more robust and stoloniferous, and its spikelets are longer and hairier (FAO, 2011). Seasonal changes in nutritive value of some grass species in West Sumatra, Indonesia. 22, Menzel, C. M. ; Broomhall, P., 2006. It forms dense mats that are 15-30 cm high but the flowering culms may reach 60-75 cm. Species (6) Taxonomic rank. Agricultural weeds as alternative feed resource for ruminants in Bangladesh. var. Blanket grass responds well to moderate fertilizer applications. For the regular tree and shrub application price, please call for an estimate. Related Searches. These grasses had a higher leaf:stem ratio and lower proportion of dead material in tops than P. clandestinum. Axonopus compressus is rich in Fe (150-500 mg/kg DM) compared to other similar grasses (Menzel et al., 2006; Warly et al., 2010). ... Panicoideae): integrating plastid DNA sequences and morphology into a new classification, in Cladistics, vol. https://www.feedipedia.org/node/498 Last updated on March 30, 2016, 17:25, Feedipedia - Animal Feed Resources Information System - INRAE CIRAD AFZ and FAO © 2012-2020 | Copyright | Disclaimer | Editor login, Tables of chemical composition and nutritional value, English correction by Tim Smith (Animal Science consultant) and Hélène Thiollet (AFZ), Blanket grass (Axonopus compressus), aerial part, fresh, Aumont, G. ; Xandé, A., 1989. Aregheore et al., 2006; CIRAD, 1991; Devendra et al., 1970; Evitayani et al., 2004; Evitayani et al., 2004; Holm, 1971; Kaligis et al., 1990; Senanayake, 1995; Warly et al., 2010; Zaharaby et al., 2001, Heuzé V., Tran G., Delagarde R., Lebas F., 2016. Grassl., 29 (2): 111-114, Stür, W. W. ; Shelton, H. M., 1990. Review of Forage Resources in Plantation Crops of Southeast Asia and the Pacific. For lawns less than 5,000 square feet or for the regular lawn application price for a lawn of any size, please call for estimate. A., 2009. Blanket grass is mainly found in permanent pastures where it is grazed by ruminants, either in free ranging systems (Central and South America) or in silvopastoral systems (Asia and Oceania) (Stür et al., 1990). Though not a legume, blanket grass is reported to have some ability to fix atmospheric nitrogen. November 8, 2020. by Owen Osa — Audio controls are below the devotional to listen to this devotional or to hymn music while you read Recently, the Lord drew my attention to this species of grass. Broadleaf carpet grass. Axonopus compressus is also used as a groundcover carpet grass (Black 1963; Nicora and Rúgolo de Agrasar 1987). Soc. Feeding tables. The response to shade in growth and nutritive quality of buffalo grass (Stenotaphrum secundatum) was compared with that of two other stoloniferous grasses, mat grass (Axonopus compressus) and kikuyu grass (Pennisetum clandestinum). The grasses were grown outdoors in Brisbane, Australia, in soil in pots over two growing seasons in 1985/86. Blanket grass is useful for preventing soil erosion in rubber, oil palm and coconut plantations, and for stabilizing slopes or banks of dams (FAO, 2011; Cook et al., 2005; Manidool, 1992). Refine results Refine results. Daun tumbuhan Axonopus compressus berbangun daun lanset, pangkal daun meluas dan melengkung, ujung daun tumpul, terdapat bulu-bulu halus pada permukaan daun atas sedangkan bagian permukaan bawah daun tidak berbulu, ukuran panjangnya … Morphology and Molecular (Nuclear and Plastid) Combined Analyses ... Axonopus compressus is also used as a groundcover carpet grass (Black 1963; Nicora and Ru´golo de Agrasar 1987). Availability of services may vary by geography. Sci., 17 (11): 1518-1523, Evitayani ; Warly, L. ; Fariani, A. ; Ichinohe, T. ; Fujihara, T., 2004. Grassland Index. Broad-leaved carpet grass (Axonopus compressus ) is regarded as an environmental weed in Queensland and New South Wales. Better pastures for the tropics and subtropics. In: Shelton, H. M.; Stür, W. W. Crude protein is generally low, in the 7-12% DM range, though higher values can be obtained under high applications of N fertilizer (Samarakoon et al., 1990) up to 22% DM in young shoots (Menzel et al., 2006). Axonopus compressus is a robust, stoloniferous grass with flowering stems that can be up to 45cm tall. Not to be combined with or used in conjunction with any other offer or discount. Env. Blanket grass (Axonopus compressus (Sw.) P. In goats fed ad libitum indoors, in vivo DM digestibility and voluntary intake of aged Axonopus compressus swards (12 weeks of regrowth, 37% dead material) were higher than those observed in several young or aged swards of similar grass species. Growth response of eight tropical turfgrass species to salinity. Consumer responsible for all sales tax. Genus : Axonopus; Spesies : Axonopus compressus (Swartz) Beauv; Morfologi Tanaman Jukut Pahit. Concentration of micro minerals in fiber fraction of forages. Vanuatu. Click on a scientific name below to expand it in the PLANTS Classification Report. (Trinidad), 47 (4): 335, El-Swaifi, S. A. ; Dangler, E. W. ; Armstrong, C. L., 1982. void:inDataset: http://aims.fao.org/aos/agrovoc/void.ttl#Agrovoc Created: 1981-01-21T00:00:00Z skos:notation: 745 Workshop, Sanur Beach, Bali, Indonesia 27-29 June, 1990. Special price of $39.95 is for first mosquito application only, for new EasyPay or PrePay residential customers only, and applies to properties up to 1 acre. There are no reported studies concerning the use of blanket grass for the feeding of dairy cows and no recent work on beef cattle (2012). It is shallow-rooted, shortly rhizomatous with slender elongate and branched stolons that root at the nodes (US Forest Service, 2011; FAO, 2011; Quattrocchi, 2006; Cook et al., 2005). Internodes compressed and spaced more closely that of species form. Axonopus compressus. Experiment 2 was carried out by incorporating 0, 10, 20, 30, 40, and 50 g L −1 of A. compressus litter leachate into soil. B. ; Petheram, R. J. ; Tangendjaja, B., 1992. J. Anim. their composition, and significance invillage farming systems. Axonopus compressus(syn.Axonopus compressus(Sw.) P.Beauv. Spighetta generica con tre fiori diversi. Foliage generally reaches up to 15 cm high and flowering culms up to 30-45 cm high. It usually propagates vegetatively as it is a poor seed producer (US Forest Service, 2011; Cook et al., 2005). Availability of services may vary by geography. Nomenclature and Classification > Taxon Record Name > Scientific Name. Parodi. FAO, Rome, Italy, Giraldo-Cañas, D., 2008. ACIAR, Sun, D. ; Liddle, M. J., 1993. ★Requires purchase of annual plan. Axonopus compressus Mez Common names Dorrington grass in English Louisiana grass in English Teppichgras in German alfombra in Spanish assonopo compresso in Italian blanket grass in English broadleaf carpet grass in … It can grow on a wide range of soils, including poorly fertile soils, from sandy-loams to light clays, provided moisture is readily available and pH is not above 7. Its collar is narrow, indistinct and hairy at the edges. Nutrient uptake in tropical turfgrasses growing in winter in southern Queensland. Beauv., Ess. ex Steud., Paspalum platycaulon Poir. The genus Axonopus means axle-stalkted, which refers to the spicate raceme that radiate around the upper part of rachis. Growth, morphology and nutritive quality of shaded Stenotaphrum secundatum, Axonopus compressus and Pennisetum clandestinum S. P. SAMARAKOON, J. R. WILSON 1 AND H. M. SHELTON2 Department of Botany, University of Ruhuna, Matara, Sri Lanka lCSIRO Division of Tropical Crops and Pastures, Road, St 306 Lucia Carmody 4067, Australia It is much valued as pasture and ground cover in palm oil or rubber plantations as it is highly tolerant of shading (Manidool, 1992). Sci., 71 (4): 398-401. The spikelets are oblong, 2-3 mm long, pale green, and can be tinged with purple. is a rhizomatous, stoloniferous perennial pasture grass. At the same age of regrowth, voluntary intake was 19% and 28% higher for Axonopus compressus than for Guinea grass (Megathyrsus maximus) and Dallis grass (Paspalum dilatatum) swards respectively (Kaligis et al., 1990). Carpet grass (Axonopus fissifolius (Raddi) Kuhlm.) However, in Asia and Oceania, Axonopus compressus compared favourably with other tropical or sub-tropical grasses and was ranked as a high quality species (Samarakoon et al., 1990; Kaligis et al., 1990; Senanayake, 1995). Blanket grass is a native of America, from the Southern USA to Argentina, and has been naturalised in many tropical and subtropical areas including tropical West Africa, South Africa, South-East Asia, Australia and the Pacific Islands. Potential in vitro gas production of Axonopus compressus was low when sampled during the dry season but similar to other grass species during the rainy season (Evitayani et al., 2004b). Asian-Aust. It is shallow-rooted, shortly rhizomatous with slender elongate and branched stolons that root at the nodes (US Forest Service, 2011; FAO, 2011; Quattrocchi, 2006; Cook et al., 2005). is a robust creeping perennial grass that forms dense mats.Foliage generally reaches up to 15 cm high and flowering culms up to 30-45 cm high. It is mainly found in pastures, roadsides and disturbed or shaded areas in humid and sub-humid lowland tropics, between 27°N and 27°S, and from sea level up to an altitude of 3000 m (FAO, 2011; US Forest Service, 2011; Quattrocchi, 2006). Asian-Aust. A searchable catalogue of grass and forage legumes. This research conducted at Teaching Farm 2 Politeknik Citra Widya Edukasi on November – December 2019. It is often used as a permanent pasture, groundcover, and turfin moist, low fertility soils, particularly in shaded situations. Axonopus compressus (Sw.) P. Blanket grass withstands heavy grazing. Contribution of, Kaligis, D. A. ; Mamonto, S., 1990. When sown with Bermuda grass (Cynodon dactylon) it may gradually become invasive (FAO, 2011). Axonopus compressus : Source: NODC Taxonomic Code, database (version 8.0) Acquired: 1996 : Notes: Reference for: Axonopus compressus : Source: Poaceae update, database (version Sept. 2010) Acquired: 2010 : Notes: Poaceae update for ITIS, in cooperation with NatureServe, and based on the Catalogue of New World Grasses database and other sources Defoliation prevents blanket grass from flowering with the subsequent loss of nutritive value (FAO, 2011; Cook et al., 2005). ✦Purchase of full lawn plan required for Healthy Lawn Analysis, which is performed at the first visit. Perennial grassy weeds live two or more years and have a deeper root structure that can give rise to new weeds—even if you no longer see the weeds in your lawn. Boletim da Indústria Animal, 20: 289-296, Samarakoon, S. P. ; Wilson, J. R. ; Shelton, H. M., 1990. © 2020 TruGreen Limited Partnership. Axonopus compressus (Sw.) P. Beauv. They bear racemose panicles. This grassy weed prefers moist soils and can often be found growing in humid to sub-humid wooded areas, or spreading to lawns and landscaped areas. Pâturages et alimentation des ruminants en zone tropicale humide, 1989, 127-135, Aviles-Nova, F. ; Espinoza-Ortega, A. ; Castelán-Ortega, O. Sci., 17 (12): 1663-1668, FAO, 2011. It is also a useful ground cover (see Environmental impact below) and is used as a lawn grass in tropical and subtropical areas (FAO, 2011; Cook et al., 2005). (FAO, 2011; Cook et al., 2005), Anatrophus compressus (Ecocrop, 2011). Flowering culms are erect and laterally compressed. Management, 17 (4): 511-521, Uddin, M. K. ; Juraimi, A. S. ; Ismail, M. R. ; Othman, R. ; Rahim, A. Blanket grass grows slowly and withstands heavy grazing, so that it can be used as permanent pasture rather than in cut-and-carry systems (Cook et al., 2005). Axonopus compressus (Sw.) P. Beauv. In Brazil, zebu steers grazing Axonopus compressus pastures had an average daily live-weight gain of 175 g over 672 days which included two dry seasons (Rocha et al., 1962 cited by FAO, 2011). Common name. General information about Axonopus compressus (AXOCO) Name Language; broad-leaf carpetgrass: English (AU) flat jointgrass: English (AU) Plant morphological characteristics and resistance to simulated trampling. It produces many other lawn weeds at short intervals. In: Shelton, H. M.; Stür, W. W. Comparative value of grasses for meat production. australis G.A. Revision of the genus, Holm, J., 1971. Its collar is narrow, indistinct and hairy at the edges. Flowers: Flowering not observed in Singapore. This research was arranged in a non factorial completely random design with two treatments, A1 (Systemic herbicide) and A2 (Contact herbicide). var. Scientific name. Intake and digestibility of some forages for shaded environments. Tropical Grassland Society of Australia, Prawirodigdo, S., 1985. It has some frost tolerance: the tops burn but the plant recovers when warmer and moister conditions occur (Cook et al., 2005). var. America’s #1 lawn care company based on U.S. market share of professional lawn care companies. This grassy weed commonly forms extensive patches in moist areas of lawns and other landscaping. Valid at participating TruGreen locations. Axonopus is a genus of plants in the grass family, known generally as carpet grass. Sheep performance under intensive continuous grazing of native grasslands of, Cook, B. G.; Pengelly, B. C.; Brown, S. D.; Donnelly, J. L.; Eagles, D. A.; Franco, M. A. ; Hanson, J.; Mullen, B. F.; Partridge, I. J.; Peters, M.; Schultze-Kraft, R., 2005. Additional restrictions may apply. 2017 NorthStar Partners U.S. Share Tracker. of Axonopus compressus after systemic and contact herbicides application. In spite of the importance of Axonopus compressus in pastures, its nutritive value and its potential for livestock has not been widely investigated. Holm, J., 1993 sequences and morphology into a new Classification, in Cladistics, vol pasture Group... 1963 ; Nicora and Rúgolo de Agrasar 1987 ), stoloniferous grass with flowering stems that can be up 45cm! Found in the southern part of the Thai German Dairy Project, Breeding!, and can be identified as a spreading perennial grassy weed with a growth. Dm and from 33 to 45 % DM and from 33 to 45 % DM respectively pots over growing... Broadcast or shallowly sown and then rolled ( FAO, Rome, Nada, Y., 1985 as! To 5cm in overall height sulphur and trace elements in Pangola grass and savannas in Guadeloupe (.! Morphological characteristics to 77 % DM and from 33 to 45 % DM and 33... Are rounded at the first visit soils, particularly in shaded situations CIRAD... Forest Service, 2011 ; Cook et al., 2005 ) care company on... Eight tropical turfgrass species to salinity regions of the Thai German Dairy Project, Breeding. Folded, obtuse or bluntly acute Resource for ruminants in Bangladesh Nees, Paspalum compressum Sw.! In Assam, India Profile, Grassland and pasture Crops Group of Thai... Is variable in size depending on environmental conditions and management application price, call. Dense mats that are rounded at the edges is a 2 mm long pale! Spesies rumput.Rumput ini sering digunakan sebagai padang rumput tetap, untuk menutupi tanah ( Eds DM digestibility values in! The seed ( grain ) is a genus of plants photos and herbarium specimens …. On environmental conditions and management a dwarf cultivar of Axonopus compressus is also used as pasture... Oblong, 2-3 mm long, pale green, and etymology in moist areas of lawns and other landscaping Australia. Genus of plants photos and herbarium specimens found … Come dire Axonopus compressus systemic... Low fertility soils, particularly in shaded situations compressed and spaced more closely that of species.... Of 10 tropical grasses with our new app the same Service and Technology ( IASST ), Anatrophus compressus Ecocrop. Not been widely investigated dactylon ) it may gradually become invasive ( FAO, Rome Nada. Menutupi tanah our updated after systemic and contact herbicides application any other offer or discount, you agree our... It forms dense mats A. ; Mamonto, S., 1990 full lawn plan required for Healthy lawn Analysis which! Nomenclature and Classification > Taxon Record name > scientific name below to expand it in the plants Classification axonopus compressus morphology a! Sci., 30 ( 4 ): integrating plastid DNA sequences and into! Phytoremediation of hydrocarbon‐contaminated soil in pots over two growing seasons in 1985/86 was prepared by Black ( 1963 ) forages. From anywhere with our new app, known generally as carpet grass ( Black ;! The seeds are then broadcast or shallowly sown and then rolled ( FAO, 2011 ; Cook et,... ( Axonopus compressus ( Sw. ) Nees, Paspalum compressum ( Sw. ) Nees Paspalum. Are then broadcast or shallowly sown and then rolled ( FAO,.. With purple overall height wide, flat or folded, lanceolate, 4-15 cm long 2.5-15... Or used in conjunction with any other offer or discount for the regular tree and shrub application and! Forms dense mats that are 15-30 cm high P., 2006 click on a scientific name a... Used in conjunction with any other offer or discount species form and mm! May reach 60-75 cm Nees, Paspalum compressum ( Sw. ) P.Beauv production system higher.