At one layer at the bottom, there was evidence of riverine soil from the Ganga, pointing to a flood that must have occurred then. Many Mahabharata researchers (including myself) have proposed 7-8 days for Krishna in Hastinapur. Indraprastha is referenced in the Mahabharata, a Sanskrit Indian text compiled over a period approximately between 400 BCE and 400 CE. Researchers said that events in Mahabharata are accurate, because of planetary positions and astronomic events that were described in the Mahabharata. [2] Hastinapur has also been known by other names, such as Gajapuram, Nagapura, Asandivata, Brahmasthalam, Shanti Nagaram and Kunjarpuram, in different ancient texts.[3]. You can click here to buy any of their books on Indian civilization. Assuming an average period of 25 to 30 years for a new generation to arrive, King Nichakshu probably lived 250 to 300 years after the Mahabharata. Two mounds called Ulta Khera and Raghunathji were excavated in 1920 and various ancient artifacts were recovered from these sites. Many incidents in the Mahabharata were set in the city of Hastinapur. In one of their excavation sites, they found evidence that suggests the ancient town may have been ruined by a powerful blast. Varnavat – Situated on the banks of river Ganga, it is a city located near Meerut in Uttar Pradesh. The ancient artifacts he managed to recover offered evidence of the earliest common pottery connecting all the Mahabharata sites such as Hastinapur, Mathura, Kurukshetra and Kampilya. Here are some lesser-known facts: The European researchers, David Davenport and Ettore Vincenti, did some groundwork in and around the site of the ancient civilization of Mohenjo Daro. A mighty city, elephantine in strength, with its own large army of elephants or hasti as they are called in Sanskrit. [14][15][16] The temple has many other facilities, including, police station, Digamber Jain Gurukul, and a Udaseen Ashram. Although the main aim of this excavation, according to Lal himself, was to determine the stratigraphic position of Painted Grey Ware concerning other known ceramic industries of the early historical period, Lal found correlations between the text of the Mahabharata and the material remains that he unearthed at Hastinapur. The Mahabharata discloses a rich civilization and a highly evolved society, which though of an older world, strangely resembles the India of our own time, with the same values and ideals. King Nichakshu reigned in the post-Mahabharata period. Kurukshetra where the war actually happened is in present-day Haryana very near to Delhi. The number, colours, shapes, and the rapid speed of individual discharges from each astra as well as the extent of destruction they caused when compared to shastra ( weapons such as mace, swords, spears, bows and arrows) that were handheld by soldiers. In the Mahabharata, Hastinapur is portrayed as the capital of the Kuru Kingdom of the Kauravas. It is also mentioned in the Ramayana (2:68), the 13th and 14th verses of which say (translated): "Having crossed Ganga River at Hastinapura, they proceeded towards the west and, reaching Panchala kingdom through Kuru Jangala and observing well-filled lakes and rivers with clear water, the messengers mentioned above went briskly, due to the pressing nature of their mission.". The Udyoga Parva of Mahabharata portrays that, not long before the War, Lord Krishna went to Hastinapur in the month of Kartika and on the day when the moon was at the asterism Revati. It is a sprawling forest, occupying an area of nearly 2,073 square kilometres (800 sq mi).[27][28]. [9], According to the 2001 Census of India, Hastinapur had a population of 58,452, with males constituting 53% of the population and females accounting for the remaining 47%. [19], Kailash Parvat is a 40-metre-high (131 ft) structure, constructed under the aegis of Shri Digamber Jain Mandir, Hastinapur. A history that can hold a mirror to our present times, our beliefs, and behaviors. In Sanskrit, Hastinapur translates to 'the City of Elephants' from Hastina (elephant) and puram (city). kings of the 4 dynasties that ruled Hastinapur (up to Vikramaditya) since the reign of Yudhishthir is the most potent evidence that Mahabharat war had happened in 3139 BC. Several tourist attractions like Jal Mandir, Jain Library, Acharya Vidyanand Museum, 24 Tonks, and the ancient Nishiyajis are situated within 500 m from the main temple. On the bank of the Budhi Ganga, two places near Hastinapur (Draupadi Ghat and Karna Ghat) reference Mahabharata personages. Excavation began in 1950 under the renowned archaeologist Prof. B.B. Dwarka is located on Gujarat coast. King Samprati (also referred to as Samrat Samprati), grandson of the emperor Asoka the Great of the Mauryan Empire, built many temples here during his reign. In Hastinapur, around 15% of the population was under 10 years of age. [3]The Mahabharata is an epic narrative of the Kurukshetra War and the fates of the Kaurava and the Pandava princes. If future researches prove that it was a major war fought with all those advanced technologies, then it is indeed a wake up call for India. Equally intriguing is our tradition of healing and health. Various cultural events and religious celebrations are held in Hastinapur annually, including Akshaya Tritiya, Das Lakshana, Kartik Mela, Holi Mela, and Durga Puja. Situated in the state of Uttar Pradesh near Meerut, on the banks of the river Ganga, Hastinapur traces its roots to the times of Mahabharata and according to the epic, it was the capital of the Kauravas. [11], Located on the banks of an old ravine of the Ganges, Hastinapur is considered one of the holiest places for both Hindus and Jains alike. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article. [citation needed] A temple of the Hindu goddess Kali and many Hindu ashramas are also present on a hillock between the ruins. The sanctuary extends over a wide area, encompassing the districts of Meerut, Ghaziabad, Gautam Budh Nagar, Bijnore, Hapur, and Jyotiba Phule Nagar in Uttar Pradesh. The soil layers revealed various periods of settlement with time gaps in between. Winter lasts from December to February, with December usually being the coldest month of the year. In this age of nuclear armaments, it would be wise to study and understand this war and draw lessons from it. One of these was the painted greyware pottery that’s made of very fine clay and is unique to this region. This cautious, measured response of Dr. Oppenheimer, which has been recorded for posterity, makes one wonder if he believed that in an earlier civilization, there could have been a nuclear capability. He responded thoughtfully: “Well …. [1] Several claims suggest that the city was named after King Hasti. [12] Yet, there are so many evidences that show our mythologies are, in fact, ancient history. The material has been sourced from @bharathgyan. If there be a word for the most incredible tale ever told – then it is … I'd like to know more>>. Coming back to present, Hastinapur is situated between Merrut and Bijnor in Uttar Pradesh. There is similarity in the name. The excavation at Hastinapur, says Lal, provided evidence of a flood that destroyed the settlement there in 800 BCE. Fought for by the Pandavas, the city was named after the Kuru King Hastin. These festivals, among others, are organized by non-government organizations (NGOs) and the State Tourism Department. After the battle of Kurukshetra, the Pandavas settled in Hastinapur. The 2 nd and 3 rd levels are especially important. Central to the epic is an account of a war that took place between two rival families belonging to this clan. Thus, he was forced to shift the capital to Kausambi, further downstream and near the banks of the Yamuna. Kailash Parvat also has an auditorium and a helipad on the premises. All these make the astras appear to be special weapons of mass destruction, beyond our comprehension today. Shantanu, the king of Hastinapur, was married to Ganga (personification of the Ganges) with whom he had a son called Devavrat. Kurukshetra where the war actually happened is in present-day Haryana very near to Delhi. Kurukshetra (literally "field of the Kurus"), was the battleground on which this war, known as the Kurukshetra War, was fought. For centuries, the Mahabharata and the city of Hastinapur have mesmerized generations. This city sits on the banks of the Ganga just as Hastinapur did. Several years later, when Devavrat had grown up to be an accomplished prince, Shantanu fell in love with Satyavati. Lal had revealed that around 800 BC a heavy flood in the Ganga had destroyed a considerable portion of the settlement. They found a big strata of clay and crystallized green glass, fused or melted at its epicenter. It … They are… [13], Shri Digamber Jain Bada Mandir is one of the oldest Jain temples in Hastinapur. Lal and the ancient remains of a city were discovered. If only we would allow it. Prof. B.B.Lal said this to the people who were still not convinced with the archeological evidences: “Archaeology cannot provide evidence of Lord Krishna having spilled the butter pot”. The texts describe the special manner in which these astras were invoked. Even though, in reality with passing time, Hastinapur itself got lost and its existence was doubted. For instance, Hastinapur is in UP with multiple evidence of Mahabharata in Hastinapur. [20][21], Jambudweep, depicting a model of Jain cosmology, was designed here under the supervision of Shri Gyanmati Mataji in 1985. Fortunately, there is a transcript which tells us that there is a connection … However, he points out that the ochre-colored pottery from the same region can be dated all the way back to 2650 BCE. Furthermore, he pointed out that the Mahabharata mentions a flood and a layer of flooding debris was found in Hastinapur. This thought is further substantiated by the vivid descriptions of the astra (a missile powered by a holy incantation) and their capabilities. During the month of Kartika, Lord Krishna went to Hastinapur just before the war. Legend has it that the Great War of Mahabharata was fought between the Pandavas and Kauravas. For instance, Hastinapur is in UP with multiple evidence of Mahabharata in Hastinapur. They had obtained these astras  after great penance and austerities. “When the city of Nagasahvaya Hastinapura was carried away by the Ganga, King Nichakshu abandoned it and went to Kausambi.”, Chirtsmas Lessons from Gurudev Sri Sri Ravishankar, Yoga for Children: Playing in Childhood’s Sun, Yoga for Constipation: Stretching towards a cleaner colon. Lai found evidence of 6 levels of living houses (settlements) there. By earlier quoting the Bhagavad Gita during the test explosion, was he perhaps pointing to the Indian civilization as having had that capability? There are 150 worldly events in Mahabharata which are mentioned with the planetary place in the sky. Legend has it that in the Mahabharata period, Pandu's eldest son Yudhishthira, had established the shivalinga at the Pandeshwar Mahadev temple before the war of Mahabharata and prayed to Shiva for a blessing of winning the war. Krishna ‘idling’ in Hastinapur for 7-8 days, as stated by Shri Phadnis, is not a speculation of these Mahabharata researchers. During this time, temperatures can drop to around 5 °C (41 °F), and don't usually go above 14 °C (57 °F). [24], This is a small Gurdwara located in the village of Saifpur, around 2.5 km (1.6 mi) from Hastinapur. Based on the relics recovered, he had termed the period painted grey ware (PGW) culture, and had said that this was the earliest common … After the death of his second son Chitrangad, Vichitravirya, the youngest, succeeded the throne. Centuries later, in independent India, a city near Meerut was selected as the site to excavate this ancient city. But in that pursuit the cultural relations of archaeology have changed, thereby opening the possibilities for exploring the dates of Mahabharata somewhere between 1100 BC and 2000 BC. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. According to the Mahabharata, a huge flood forced the people of Hastinapur to move to Kaushambi. Yes, in modern times, of course …”. Shortly after the Manhattan Project, Dr. Oppenheimer, addressed the students of the Rochester University. The Mahābhārata (US: / m ə h ɑː ˈ b ɑːr ə t ə /, UK: / ˌ m ɑː h ə ˈ b ɑːr ə t ə /; Sanskrit: महाभारतम्, Mahābhāratam, pronounced [mɐɦaːˈbʱaːrɐtɐm]) is one of the two major Sanskrit epics of ancient India, the other being the Rāmāyaṇa. Where was the city of Hastinapur located. Nearly 65 years ago, between 1950 and 1952, BB Lal of the ASI had excavated the site of Hastinapura, about 18 km from Meerut. [10] According to the 2011 Census of India, Hastinapur's population had reduced to 21,249. Bricks around this epicenter were also melted on one side, characteristic of an explosion. Kurukshetra lies in Haryana, 50 km to … Know more about these secrets at The Art of Living Meditation and Breath Program. Mahabharata means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India, Marathi. Manjul said his team also gathered valuable artifacts such as arrowheads, spearheads, celt and beads which likely belonged to the Painted Grey Ware culture. The monsoon season is from July to September, during which the temperature is relatively low. Kurukshetra – This is the battlefield of the Mahabharata war. It is believed to be the birthplace of three Jain Tirthankaras. The main temple is believed to have been built in 1801 under the aegis of Raja Harsukh Rai, who was the imperial treasurer of Emperor Shah Alam II. From the Kurukshetra, the place where the great war happened, archaeologists have uncovered some iron arrows and spearheads with the use of thermoluminescence that dates back to 2,800 B.C.E., which is approximately the time when Mahabharata happened. This date corroborates with the date of the ochre collared pottery (2650 BCE). ASI approves archaeologists to excavate Mahabharata's house of lac 'Lakshagriha'. These excavations revealed objects of everyday use – … Its history dates back to the period of Mahabharata. [22], Situated in the historic location of the ancient city of Hastinapur, the Pandeshwar temple is dedicated to Shiva. Atomic War evidences, iron weapons, artifacts dated to 5000 years ago found at Hastinapura, Mathura, Dwaraka, Kurukshetra, confirming Epic Mahabharata dates Isn’t our cultural heritage fascinating? Recently ASI archaeologist B.R. Summer season is from March to May, during which the temperatures range from 32 to 40 °C (90 to 104 °F). The Mahabharata or Mahābhārata (US ; [1] UK ; [2] Sanskrit: महाभारतम्, Mahābhāratam, pronounced ) is one of the two major Sanskrit epics of ancient India, the other being the Ramayana. ), Jain Mandir, Mandir, Mandir in Hastinapur, Mandir in Uttar Pradesh, Mandir in India, Jain bada mandir in Hastinapura, Shri Digamber Jain Mandir, Shri Digamber Jain Prachin Mandir, Shri Digamber Jain Bada Mandir", "Welcome to UP Tourism-Official Website of Department of Tourism, Government of Uttar Pradesh, India | Hastinapur", "HereNow4U.net :: Article Archive - The 151-Foot High Ashtapad Teerth in Hastinapur", "WWW.JAINHERITAGECENTRES.COM > Jainism In India > Uttar Pradesh > Hastinapur > Kailash parvat Mandir", "Yudhishthira had established the shivalinga", "Work on Mahabharat Circuit to start soon", "Bhai Dharam Sing Gurdwara - Hastinapur - Bhai Dharam Sing Gurdwara Photos, Sightseeing - Native Planet", "Official Website Of Uttar Pradesh State Tourism Development Corporation Ltd", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Hastinapur&oldid=991724576, All Wikipedia articles written in Indian English, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles with unsourced statements from March 2020, Articles with unsourced statements from October 2018, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 1 December 2020, at 14:16. Rather, it is the inference drawn based on series of specific Mahabharata text references. One of the students asked him a pointed question, whether his experiment was the first nuclear explosion of the world. Mahabharata: History or Fiction? The NH-58 between Delhi and Merrut is a nightmare to drive. The Kailash Parvat premises are home to several Jain temples, including Yatri Niwas and Bhojanshala. Interestingly, the remains of a flood have been found at the Lakshagriha site, too. In the Mahabharata, Hastinapur is portrayed as the capital of the Kuru Kingdom of the Kauravas. This led him to historicize some of the traditions mentioned in the Mahabharata as well as link the appearance of the Painted Grey Ware with Aryans in the upper Ganges basin areas. The presentation slides are colored in such a way that humans cannot read it. History. This research team, led by a passionate husband-wife duo - Dr. DK Hari and Dr. Hema Hari, unearth some of India’s untold stories and make them contemporary. The Hastinapur mentioned in Mahabharata might have been the capital of the Kurus. The Udyoga Parva of Mahabharata narrates that, just before the War, Lord Krishna, in His final peace mission, went to Hastinapur in the month of … [citation needed], Excavations at Hastinapur were carried out in the early 1950s by B.B. Manjul said his team was revisiting the findings of BB Lal, had who carried out excavations at Indraprastha and Hastinapur in 1951-52. The literacy rate of the town was 73.9% against the national average of 59.5%. Thousands of years ago, our ancient sages unlocked techniques and wisdom to maintain holistic health. A great city of power and wealth which the Kauravas ruled. [5], During British India, Hastinapur was ruled by Raja Nain Singh Nagar, who built many Hindu temples in and around Hastinapura. This temple is believed to be the place where Kauravas and Pandavas received their education in Vedas and Puranas. Lal, Director General of the Archaeological Survey of India. Both, Arjuna and Karna, are described in the text as level-headed warriors with great will power, patience, tolerance, and sagacity. Vichitravirya's two widows begot of Vyas two sons, Dhritrashtra and Pandu. The epic Mahabharata is never complete without the mention of Hastinapur – the great city of power and wealth. Yet, there are so many evidences that show our mythologies are, in fact, ancient history. The great epic of the Mahabharata is never complete without Hastinapur. For centuries, the Mahabharata and the city of Hastinapur have mesmerized generations. On the bank of the Budhi Ganga, two places near Hastinapur (Draupadi Ghat[4] and Karna Ghat) reference Mahabharata personages. This does lead to an obvious inference. Lai made excavations in the upper part of the Gangetic plain, where the country called Kuru was located. Her father refused to let her marry the king unless the king promised that Satyavati's son and descendants would inherit the throne. Wanna know all the secrets to the best lifestyle? The PGW found at Kaushambi dates back to about this time. New Delhi: From the archaeological remains at Hastinapur and Sanauli, and from archaeologists BB Lal and SK Manjul, the aim to ascertain the exact date of Mahabharata remains the same. Mani made a presentation titled Magadha and Mahabharata : Archaeological indications from Rajgir Area (via Carlos Aramayo) at the International Seminar on Mahabharata held in New Delhi in April 2012. The professor makes a vital observation saying that this greyware points the period to be around 720 BC but since all the samples are contaminated with rootlets, this cannot be an acute value. 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