Although the Persian empire was at the peak of its strength, the collective defense mounted by the Greeks overcame seemingly impossible odds and even succeeded in liberating Greek city-states on the fringe of Persia itself. There were many Greek colonies in Asia Minor which was then part of the Persian empire. The reason why the Persians invaded Greece was to take advantage of the fractious political scene that was taking place within its states. Why the Greeks Won the Greco-Persian War There are times in history that something will happen and it will defy all logic. Answer: Show Answer. The Persians met the Greeks in battle over a period of three days in August 480. The Persians had, historically, invaded, Hellas, in 480/79. The Persian Empire’s third Great King, Darius I (c. 550-486 B.C.) Articles from Britannica Encyclopedias for elementary and high school students. The This uprising, known as the Ionian revolt (500–494 bce), failed, but its consequences for the mainland Greeks were momentous. Halicarnassus is a city located on what is today South West Turkey. Add your answer and earn points. Portrait of Alexander the Great . Led by the Athenians, the newly formed Delian League went on the offensive to free the Ionian city-states on the Anatolian coast. It was to be his 'divine punishment' for his father Darius' crushing defeat at Marathon in 490 BC. … Before he could move on Greece, Darius had to achieve complete submission within his existing territories, and an empire of Persia’s size was impossible to control centrally. It was one of those times when a few Greek city/states joined together and defeated the invasion force of the massive Persian Empire. Get exclusive access to content from our 1768 First Edition with your subscription. Updates? _____ _____ _____ 15: You are an officer in the Athenian army. ovidialorsung1 ovidialorsung1 Wanted to avenge the defeat of his dad xerxes . By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. On land the Persians attacked the Greeks at Thermopylae for two days but suffered heavy losses. Since this was to be a full-scale invasion, it needed longter… Furthermore, in the Peloponnesian War, Sparta used Persian support to defeat Athens, and engaged in 386 in the first of a series of Common Peaces with the Persian Empire, which led to the loss of the Greek cities in Asia Minor to the Persians. The main reason for invading Greece was that the Greeks that were not alread under Persian rule were constantly meddling in the affairs of Egypt … The reign of Alexander the Great was short-lived. darius the great attacked them !! Xerxes, king of kings and ruler of the Persian Empire, which stretched from the Indus River to the shores of the Mediterranean Sea, and from the Caucasus to the Indian Ocean, had turned his attention toward the … He wanted to reorganize Greece, not to destroy it. King Darius of Persia was angry at Greece because Athens had helped the Ionian cities when they rebelled against the Persians. Sardis, burning it to the ground. Xerxes’ forces advanced slowly toward the Greeks, suffering losses from the weather. This article was most recently revised and updated by, https://www.britannica.com/event/Greco-Persian-Wars, HistoryNet - Greco-Persian Wars: Xerxes’ Invasion, PBS LearningMedia - Building the Navy | The Greeks, Ancient History Encyclopedia - Persian Wars, Military Encyclopedia on the Web - Greco-Persian Wars, 499-448 BC, Persian Wars - Children's Encyclopedia (Ages 8-11), Persian Wars - Student Encyclopedia (Ages 11 and up), ancient Greek civilization: The Persian Wars. His forces advanced toward Europe in 492 bce, but, when much of his fleet was destroyed in a storm, he returned home. Battle of Marathon The Persian fleet landed at the Bay of Marathon, about 25 miles from the city of Athens. The Persians had, historically, invaded, Hellas, in 480/79. Philip II. Darius died while preparing to march on Egypt, and the throne of Persia passed to his son Xerxes I. Xerxes crushed the Egyptian revolt, and very quickly resumed the preparations for the invasion of Greece. Darius wanted to punish the Greeks for supporting the Ionian revolt so he invaded Greece first, but surprisingly his much larger force was defeated by the Greeks (look up Battle of Marathon). The material on this site can not be reproduced, distributed, transmitted, cached or otherwise used, except with prior written permission of Multiply. Why don't libraries smell like bookstores? A year before that, the Ionian Revolt , which began in 499 BC, was finally crushed by the Persians. Philip II. 1. They revolted against Persia, and some Greek city-states helped them out. The invasion, consisting of two distinct campaigns, was ordered by the Persian king Darius Iprimarily in order to … Write a paragraph to a friend explaining why the Athenian army did not go out to fight the Persians when they arrived. The Persian attacks were ordered by the Persian King Darius as a result of the Greeks supporting the Ionians during the Persian attacks on Ionia. That night a tremendous storm destroyed the Persian squadron while the Greeks were safely in port. Why did Persia want to invade Greece? It started in 500 BC, when a few Greek city-states on the coast of Asia Minor, who were under the control of the Persian Empire, revolted against the despotic rule of the Persian king Darius. What kind of people were Persians? In 492 BC, the first Persian invasion of Greece, the next phase of the Greco-Persian Wars, began as a direct consequence of the Ionian Revolt. 2. s.zar. invasion was delayed by an uprising in Egypt, and the death of King The Greco-Persian Wars: The Greco-Persian Wars were a series of battles and two wars fought between the Greeks and the Persians. There were many Greek colonies in Asia Minor which was then part They wanted to invade Greece because Greece sent soldiers to help the revolting Greek cities. Army was given to Sparta, that of the kingdom of Lydia, which, however, on the coast. Defeated at the battle raged at Thermopylae BC 550, Cyrus I, son of Darius articles from Britannica for. Who planned to succeed in conquering Greece where his father, Darius began raising a why did persia invade greece... Place to place ( Athens and Eretria ) that supported the Ionian revolt and... 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