It is thought that the English language has the most words than any other language in the world, although it is not easy to determine. However, Standard Chinese is the official language. Most modern Chinese words are formed of two or three characters, and one of the most striking features of Chinese language is its strong tendency to match the meaning of different characters (syllables) together in a way that makes sense. The Chinese language is one of the oldest in the world. Counting words the economist. It’s true that you can’t learn a language without learning the words that make it up, but amassing a huge vocabulary shouldn’t be your main goal—the difference between 1,000 words and 5,000 is a small one if those extra 4,000 are just different versions of the first thousand, if they’re words … Chinese tones. Chinese character inscriptions have been found in turtle shells dating back to the Shang dynasty 1 (1766-1123 BC) proving the written language has existed for more than 3,000 years. As Chinese is a living language, it’s hard to give a definite count. How many letters are there in chinese alphabet? So how many Chinese words are there in Chinese? Other than that usually after 2 years of daily study you can have simple conversations in Chinese language. If the language is wildly different from my own (e.g. Chinese Characters: A cultural wonder to discover . These characters are known in Korean as Hanja and in Japanese as Kanji. Cantonese is also an official language with other regional ones such as Wu Chinese, sign language, and English. Mandarin is written with Chinese characters called Hànzì (漢字 or 汉字) which literally means "Han characters". How Many Words Does A Native Know? Here we’d like to introduce basic Chinese words and phrases which you may need in your next Chinese language survival and social situation. There are other countries with diverse spoken languages. After this, if you want to learn and know more, just check the 750 commonly used Chinese Conversations or HSK words. In 2010, the number of Chinese native speakers totaled 955 million people.Just think of how many more people you'd be able to talk to after learning some Chinese! Start learning Chinese. Chinese Words Learn Chinese words in many categories with free Chinese flash cards and the dangerously addictive Lingo Dingo review game. Hope that it was useful. Most Chinese words now part of English show, in their spelling and meaning, to have been borrowed a long time ago, often from non-Mandarin Chinese varieties like Cantonese. The Chinese language has about 1,200 syllables according to Jerry Norman of the book Chinese(2008, Cambridge University Press). On the other hand usually a Chinese person can learn to speak basic English in 3 months, I mean normal, useful conversation. Not talking about serious stuff, but simple chit chat. Take the word “xisheng” (犠牲), for instance. God - El Shaddai Emperor Shun worshiped ShangTi, literally, the heavenly emperor. In addition to these words, as well as the previously mentioned loan words from English and Russian, the language has borrowed from other languages. There were just too many words per page and it became increasingly difficult for me to really focus on learning new vocabulary using this tool. This situation is analogous to the use of the English prefix pre-. I discovered the complexity of Chinese tones during my project to learn Cantonese. Chinese is a tonal language, which means that the same word can mean different things depending on the tone used to express them (even if the spelling and pronunciation are the same). While the Internet has sealed the place of English as the most used (second) language, Chinese (Mandarin) still holds the top position as the most used mother tongue. In other words, the question word remains where you would normally state the quantity in a normal (declarative) sentence. The Chinese language is the oldest written language in the world with at least six thousand years of history. There are many words that were adapted from Chinese characters. Some languages like Chinese are considered non-alphabetic languages and are challenging to determine the number of words in such languages. Flashcards worked much better for me. The Chinese language also contains many words whose meanings have changed. That’s an even tougher question than how many Chinese characters are there. Hi there, Steve Kaufmann here. I mostly agree but memorizing vocabulary has its place for me with certain languages. Just imagine: knowing how to read and write Chinese gives you the ability to communicate with over 1.3 billion people! Unlike many languages, Chinese doesn’t have an alphabet and it’s not written as a series of letters, but rather as a series of pictures that have meaning and sounds. (Although the dialects and spoken language can vary from region to region, written language remains the same). That’s it for our introduction to the basic Chinese words and phrases for you. Because I'm quite sure that the average vocabulary of an English speaker is 5000 words - that is not even the number of words needed for the JLPT2 let alone the JLPT 1 which is 10,000 words. The flash cards and the Lingo Dingo will teach you basic Chinese words with audio from native speakers. my studies in Indonesian, Turkish, Japanese), I definitely dedicate about 1/4 of my learning time to memorizing vocabulary – 50 words, phrases, or grammar rules/conjugations per session is my concentration span. There’s definitely more to Chinese characters than meets the eye. How I Learnt Nearly 600 Chinese Words in Just Two Weeks. How many words roughly in the Japanese language? Spoken Mandarin uses very many compound words, words that combine meanings the way English does in such terms as "machine gun," "fire truck," "playground," etc. So it’s usually a little hard to know exactly how many words a person knows in a language, especially their native language, so approximations and ranges have to be employed. In the English language, there are many loanwords that have been borrowed from Chinese languages and dialects . Answersthe biggest vocabulary? The “million” number also, according to Dr. Crowley, includes the many, many words that have fallen out of usage throughout the time people have been speaking modern English. Many Chinese morphemes still have associated meaning, even though many of them no longer can stand alone as individual words. But like anything in the field of language learning…where there's a will, there's a way! The Korean language also uses Chinese characters to represent certain words. He discovered that it is incredibly difficult for a language learner to ever know as many words as a native speaker. Other Countries with Most Spoken Languages. Klallam was the traditional language of the Klallam natives living on the Strait of Juan de Fuca, located on the Olympic Peninsula in Washington state and Vancouver Island’s Beecher Bay in British Columbia. In Chinese, the interrogatives 幾 and 多少 represent quantity meaning "how many" and "how much". The Chinese Language Institute (CLI) is a center for Chinese language and cultural studies based in Guilin, China. The Chinese language is still evolving and new terms and expressions are created every day. Chinese only use 3000 characters for 99% of their daily life, but in total there is more than 100,000 characters, and there are no Chinese can sure about how many words there are. Many believe that Chinese is a monosyllabic language, which presumably means that every word in Chinese consists of a single syllable, like the English words but, aim, quick, work, crime, laugh, and unlike the words although, objective, rapid, employment, transgression, guffaw. In English, question words move to the front of the sentence but no such movement occurs in Chinese. When just beginning to study Chinese, many people get intimidated by the massive amount of measure words used in the language. I think since I started learning Czech I have learned more than 100 words a day. The most recent being the Klallam language, when in February 2014 Hazel Sampson, its last native speaker passed away. About 3,000 Chinese characters are needed to read a Mainland newspaper. The Japanese language uses them even more often. Probably not the easiest thing in the world to learn! We’ve hosted students from more than 45 countries and 300 universities, guiding them along their individual paths to Chinese language fluency. This can be difficult for English speakers to grasp, but learning the tones is essential if you want to speak Chinese properly. Words taken completely or in part from another language are known as loanwords. Each Hànzì has its own pronunciation and meaning. also this Chinese dictionary is for uneducated people to used. Each one, by it's etymology tells us something about the spiritual Sovereign that is common to the ancient Chinese and the Hebrew Scriptures. Maybe 150 words … There are a few different words used in the Chinese language to speak about God and heaven. A loanword is not the same as calque , which is an expression from one language that has been introduced into another language as a direct translation. Great article. Chinese translation: 我不知道 (wǒ bù zhīdào) This phrase is fairly universal, and you can use it just like the way you use it in English or your native language. An ordinary dictionary will contain about 10,000 characters. The exact amount of these words in Korean vocabulary is not known, but estimations vary from as low as 30% to as high as 65%. The standard range for adults is 20,000 – 35,000 words in their mother tongue. Ideograms or combined ideographs: Ideograms represent words, syllables, or morphemes (the smallest grammatical unit of a language). Don’t let the measure words freak you out, though, especially if you’re a native English speaker – we use tons of measure words in English! I posted a post on my blog, The Linguist, on Language (I’ll try to remember to leave a link here) where I talked about whether we can learn 100 words a day. A Chinese person with a good education today knows 6,000-7,000 characters. 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