.45 inch and the second group the amount of powder contained in the cartridge in grains. Reloading is not for everyone but anyone who wishes to shoot antique or replica rifles in as authentic a manner as possible using the only propellant that was available at the time they were in use simply has no alternative. Bullet diameter was typically 0.512 inches (13.0 mm) diameter. Sharps Paper Cartridge - lenght 1.625 - pk of 250. Sharps Paper Cartridge - lenght 2.0 - pk of 250. Very good photographs and lots of good information and documentation. Frankford Arsenal cartridges were loaded with reduced charges of 55 grains of black powder (.45-55-405) for use in cavalry carbines, and full charges of 70 grains of black powder (.45-70-405) for full length (and therefore heavier) infantry rifles. Sharps SRC Conversion to .50-70 . I get a lot of personal satisfaction from using black powder despite its disadvantages but it’s not for everyone and apart from a small group of fellow black powder enthusiasts, by far the majority of shooters at my two clubs are confident that I must have a tile loose. The most common .45-70 loads used 330, 350, 400, 405, and 500 grain bullets. The .40-90 and .40-100 (Necked) were the same cartridge with different powder charges and bullets. Our Price: $4.50 Compare. Sharps Paper Cartridge - lenght 1.375 - pk of 250. Sharps also fabricated special long-range target versions for the then-popular Creedmore style of 1,000-yard (910 m… The .45-90 was virtually identical to the .45-70 with a longer case, and .45-70 ammunition can safely be fired in .45-90 rifles. Bullet diameter was .446" and COL was 3.30". lbs., or a 473 grain bullet a MV of 1350 fps and ME of 1920 ft. lbs. The same cartridge was also called the .50-100 and .50-110 when loaded with lighter bullets and more powder. It is important to remember than the intensive slaughter of the great bison herds, the days of commercial buffalo hunting, lasted only a little over ten years. All rights reserved. On the frontier, bullets of all calibers were generally made of cast lead. The .50-90 became one of the mainstay cartridges of the buffalo runners. The cartridge overall length (COL) was 3.44". The heaviest bullets were the best choice for hunting buffalo. (The figures for average African buffalo are 700 pounds and 1000 pounds.) KA1001 SMITH ALUMINUM CARTRIDGE CASE. Copyright 2003, 2012 by Chuck Hawks. Most popular cartridges of the time, even though quite inadequate to the task, were pressed into service on the plains. Factory loads gave a 335 grain lead bullet a MV of 1475 fps and ME of 1630 ft. This article will briefly examine a few of the best known of those cartridges. From left to right: 1.17 HM2, ... .25-45 Sharps.25-21 Stevens.25-25 Stevens.25 Winchester Super Short Magnum.250 Savage.25-06 Remington.25-20 Winchester.25-35 Winchester.25-45 Sharps.297/250 Rook.250-3000 Savage.255 Jeffery Rook .256 Gibbs Magnum.256 Newton.256 Winchester Magnum.257 Roberts.257 Weatherby Magnum.26 Nosler.260 … It is even possible to arrange a bison hunt in North America, as the great bovines have expanded their numbers to the point that some must be culled and there are now several huntable populations. The Sharps Company liked the name on their rifles to match the name on the cartridge it used, a common marketing strategy at the time. The television was on, set to Sky News while her laptop was streaming the BBC news feed direct from Broadcasting House news centre, the cameras still viewing and broadcasting: it was like the Marie Celeste. This huge rimmed, straight taper case was 3.25" long with a head diameter of .506" and a neck diameter of .490". Thus the ".45-70" was a black powder cartridge that used a .45 caliber bullet (.458" diameter) in front of 70 grains of powder. The slaughter of the bison reached its peak in 1875 and 1876, declining after 1880. The .50-140 Sharps rifle cartridge is a black-powder cartridge that was introduced in 1884 as a big game hunting round. .45-70 was a chambering offered in many famous rifles. The action is by Armi San Marco and was modified by a local gunsmith to receive a very heavy Parker-Hale Henry-rifled barrel chambered for 45-90 calibre. Trial” Sharps cartridges. In those days terminal ballistics was generally pretty simple; the bigger and heavier the bullet the greater the killing power. Ruger 10 22 Semi Automatic 22 Long Rifle And Sharps Rifle Cartridges Best Prices 2018 Ads, Deals and Sales. Teddy Roosevelt is said to have favored the .45-75 Winchester as a grizzly bear cartridge. By far the best known of the buffalo cartridges used on the western frontier was the illustrious .45-70 Government. The .50-90 Sharps is similar to the .50-100 Sharps and .50-110 Sharps cartridges. Factory loads gave a 450 grain bullet a MV of 1260 fps and ME of 1488 ft. lbs. Factory loads gave a 520 grain lead bullet a MV of 1270 fps and ME of 1860 ft. lbs. The buffalo runners of the West simply stayed out of reach of the big beasts, usually shooting from a rest at ranges around 200 yards and sometimes more. With target rounds it is important to ensure that the nose of the bullet when chambered just enters the throat of the rifling so as to avoid a ‘jump’ as the bullet moves forward into the barrel. However, the Sharps Big .50 remains one of the most famous of all the American buffalo cartridges. Compare. The body of the press is filled with the user’s choice of grease. Although primarily a match cartridge, the .44-90 Remington had the accuracy, power and penetration to make it a good bison cartridge. The base diameter of this case was .506", the shoulder diameter was .500", and the neck diameter was .435" Bullet diameter was .403". A similar thing happened in Africa, particularly during the early years of the 20th Century. Many different black powder rifle cartridges were used to kill buffalo on the American frontier. Antique Sharps New Model 1863 Original 52caliber paper cartridge . Remington Arms, I believe, specifically recommended the .45-70 as the top buffalo cartridge for use in their famous Rolling Block rifles. These cartridges were actually dimensionally identical to the .45-70 Govt., and factory loads used a 400 grain bullet at a MV of 1330 fps and ME of 1580 ft. lbs. The big bore buffalo cartridges were loaded with black powder, as smokeless powder had not yet been invented. It offered superior energy and penetration compared to earlier military cartridges. Although no more than a village it is still regarded as a town. Commercial .45-70 ammunition was loaded with bullets up to 500 grains in front of 70 grains of black powder (.45-70-500). The base diameter of these big rimmed, straight taper cases was .500" and the neck diameter was .489". Mayer's .45-90 Sharps rifle had a 32" barrel and weighed 12 pounds. Factory loads gave a 550 grain lead bullet a MV of 1250 fps and ME of 1812 ft. lbs. When the trigger guard was lowered this caused the action to drop thereby exposing the breech into which the slightly over long cartridge was inserted. If not, soak a cloth bond paper (not wood-pulp based) in a mixture of water and potassium nitrate. Makes any MSR legal for big game hunting in all states where centerfire rifle hunting is permitted. Graphic EJ – Updated by Sam. Case length was 1.89" and overall cartridge length was 2.25". A 550 grain bullet could be given a MV of 1500 fps and ME of 2749 ft. lbs. There were also carbine versions of some of these. Their main problem lies in sealing the breech to prevent blowback of gases and unburnt particles of powder into the shooter’s face. Sharps put both their .40 and .50 caliber cartridges on a "special order only" basis when they went to the .45-90 cartridge series for their regular production rifles. I found this book very helpful prior to ordering my Shiloh-Sharps 1874. Read more. The earlier … .40-90,.40-100 Sharps (Necked) In its day the.40-90 Sharps (Necked) was a popular cartridge both for hunting and target shooting. 55 grains of musket powder gave a muzzle velocity (MV) of 1100 fps and 70 grain loads propelled a 405 grain bullet at a MV of 1350 fps and ME around 1600 ft. lbs. Because black powder is an inefficient propellant by volume, big cases with large powder charges were necessary and muzzle velocities were typically limited to around 1250-1500 fps. The Sharps Calvary rifle also features a patch box built into the stock as well as a single smooth action trigger and a beautiful American walnut stock. I put a greaseproof paper disc on top of the powder to prevent the grease cookie contaminating the powder and then insert the cookie topping that off with another greaseproof paper disc followed by a thin card disc that protects the base of the bullet when the rifle is fired. Its case is a rimmed, straight taper type with a base diameter of .565" and a neck diameter of .528". The same thing basically applies to the .40-90 Sharps (Straight), .50-115 Bullard, .50-140 Sharps and several other impressive "buffalo" cartridges. Comment Report abuse. The development of reliable, controlled expansion jacketed bullets was still in the future. The U.S. Frankford Arsenal load for rifle muskets used a 450 grain bullet in front of 70 grains of black powder (.50-70-450). Still popular today, the .45-70 was introduced in 1873 and was the U.S. Army's standard service cartridge from that time until it was officially replaced by the .30-40 Krag in 1892. A 50:50 mix of beeswax and Vaseline  is as good as any. $21.25. Very good catalog of early cartridge 1867 to the 1874 Sharps rifle. All three of these numbers are based on the original .44-90 case; the .44-100 and .44-105 simply represented heavier powder loads in the same cartridge. My rifle, although not an exact replica of the one used by Josie in the film (an 1865 Sharps Sniper rifle with a full length J. Stevens brass tube target scope) is, as near as makes no difference, the same. When the bullet is forced through the die, the driving bands are swaged to .458 inch and at the same time its grooves are filled with grease. According to the published research of Edward A. Matunas, an average size female bison is supposed to weigh around 930 pounds, and an average male around 1600 pounds. It was first adapted to the U.S. 1866 Rifle Musket, then the improved 1868 Rifle Musket, the further improved 1870 Rifle Musket, and the bolt action single shot Ward-Burton 1871 Rifle Musket. Their match successes eventually resulted in the word "sharpshooter" (contracted from "Sharps shooter") generically meaning a good shot. Quickview ... 9 1/2" For Large Rifle - HAZMAT FEE APPLIES LIMIT OF 2. Kindle Customer. The .45-100 (2.6" case) was added at the end of 1876 and the .45-90 (2.4" case) appeared during 1877. This is done with a special die that has a hardened pin that presses out the old primers which are then caught in the trays fitted to the reloading press body. In 1882 Frankford Arsenal also began manufacturing a 500 grain bullet. Factory loads for the .45-110-550 launched a 550 grain bullet at a MV of 1360 fps with ME of 2240 ft. lbs. Cases were made with two different wall thicknesses, which therefore had different maximum powder capacities. 4 1/2 rifle was introduced in 1878 along with the .45-100 cartridge. Among the paper cartridge Sharps rifles you can find the Sporting model with octagonal barrel rust brown finish colour, adjustable front sight and set trigger, the Infantry and Cavalry models with blue round barrel, kept by bands, have fixed front sight and patchbox on the stock. They often used telescopic sights. This is fitted with a .458 inch swage and a correctly profiled nose punch so as not to damage the bullet. The heavier bullets were the best for hunting buffalo, and the larger cases favored the heavier bullets. The Sharps Collector Association was formed in 1993 to preserve and publicize the history of the firearms of Christian Sharps and the Sharps Companies. And plenty of killing power was needed, for the American bison is a very big bovine, considerably larger than the average African Cape buffalo. List of rifle cartridges, by primer type, calibre and name. Period tests revealed that the 405 grain bullet penetrated 7.3" of white pine boards at a range of 700 yards, but the cartridge's rainbow trajectory limited its point blank range to about 150 yards for man sized targets. Area Code: 601 . Compare . The correct bullet diameter was .442" rather than the .446" of the Sharps .44-90 cartridge. As the now expanded case descends from the die, the primer is installed with an upward pressure on the lever. In 1875 a civilian version of the .45-70 Government was produced by the Sharps Company as the .45-75 Sharps (Straight), and sometimes called the .45-70 Sharps. On the panel are: James Cleverly, chairman of the Conservative party, Conservative; Clive Lewis, shadow treasury minister. Bullets can be fired ‘as cast’ as they will swage down into the rifling when they are fired but it is better practice to size and lubricate them in a special ‘sizer-lubricator’ press. The reported 19 pound weight of Sharps rifles so chambered may have had something to do with this. The .44-77 was used for both hunting and target shooting. These commercial loads proved to have superior penetration and killing power on large game. This pair is actually the same cartridge. This item is extremely nice product. While all three use the same 2.5-inch (64 mm) case, the latter two use lighter bullets weighing from 335 grains to 400 grains (with the .50-90 using a 600 grain bullet). My only regret is that the action does not have double set triggers to lighten the release pull but beggars can’t be choosers. Antique Sharps New Model 1863 Original 52caliber paper cartridge . The Sharps Rifle. The .50-90 Sharps came about when buffalo hunters clamored for more powerful loads with increased killing power. Later Sharps rifles, notably the buffalo guns of the 1870s, also were breech loaders but used brass cartridges. https://going-postal.com/wp-content/uploads/2020/04/The-Sharps-Model-1874.mp3, Introduction During the first half of the 19th century great leaps forward were made in firearms technology and by the 1870s soldiers who 50 years earlier would have been supplied with flintlock, smoothbore muskets were [more…], Introduction By inducing a projectile to spin around its own axis its flight is stabilised and accuracy and range are vastly improved. The Sharps Rifle Company actually manufactured their products in a wide variety of cartridges, all of which were intended for long-range power. The .50-70 used a rimmed, internally primed, straight taper case that measured .565" at its base, .535" at the neck, and was 1.75" long. The .44-90 used a rimmed, bottleneck case 2 5/8" long. Loading cartridges for black powder rifles is much more complicated than when using modern nitro-based propellants and while my Sharps has been nitro-proofed, I prefer to do things the traditional way thereby making a rod for my own back as you will see. Early models of the Sharps rifle, notably the 1859 and 1863 models, were breech loading using either loose black powder or paper cartridges. Add To Cart. It is believed to have been introduced for the Sharps-Borchardt Model 1878 rifle. Out of Stock. Hist… Very similar, but not quite identical, to the .44-90 Sharps (Necked) is the .44-90 Remington Special. Brass, reloading dies, and bullets are available everywhere shooting supplies are sold. Next I clean out the primer pockets by reaming with a hand-held ‘uniforming tool’ to ensure that the new primers will seat easily and to the correct depth. The paper cartridge used in the Civil War era Sharps rifles is made from nitrate soaked paper. If you seeking special discount you'll need to searching when special time come or holidays. Quickview. Compare. This also explains why the big bore double rifle, used so successfully on large African game, was not popular in the American West; it simply was not accurate enough. Co. were very similar to the ones used by the vast majority of reenacting Sharpshooters; cartridges had a protruding and twisted ‘tail’ of paper that was sheared off when the breechblock was closed, 1874 Sharps Cavalry Carbine 22" .45-70 $1,565.00. It was designed as a match cartridge for the Remington Rolling Block Creedmoor rifle and was also introduced in 1873. KA8205 .405 Basic 3 1/4" Bertram Cartridge Case. My preferred bullet is the Lyman ‘Postell’ (535 grains) which gives superb accuracy in this rifle. The secret to the .45-70's success on very large game is the superior SD of its .458" bullets. Compare. Early rifles were ‘transitional’ in that they used a paper cartridge containing lubricated bullet and powder charge. The Rifle features a case-hardened frame and blued barrel finish and is made to fire .54 caliber paper cartridges. Add To Cart. Sharps Rifle - Cartridge Single Shot Rifles - Long Guns. Christian Sharps first began designing firearms in the 1840s establishing his own company C. Sharps & Company in Philadelphia in 1855. All of the cartridges in this series could be used with bullets weighing 320 grains to 550 grains. Price review Rifle Scope Adjustment Problems And Sharps Rifle Cartridges You can order Rifle Scope Adjustment Problems And Sharps Rifle Cartridges after check, $16.25 We also know that linen cartridges were widely used in the Civil War, and that this type of rifle was used by Berdan’s Sharpshooters, among others. Sharps Paper Cartridge - lenght 1.875 - pk of 250. At that point Ballard was absorbed into the new Marlin Company, which continued to produce Ballard rifles. Cases for reloading and bullet molds are still available as of this writing for the .50-90 Sharps. This can become obsessive, particularly in a discipline called ‘Bench Rest’ whose practitioners can be quite anal. Brass for most of these Sharps cartridges is available from Bertram Brass and American; Shilo Sharps will supply reloading dies as available. The .45-70 Government is by far the most popular of the old cartridges. Subsistence and sport hunters as well as the plains Indians had hunted bison previously, of course, but the planned extermination of the herds was not contemplated until about 1870 and was completed in 1884. I cast them from a mix of 30 parts lead to 1 part tin. 3 Rolling Block rifle. With the development of the self-contained metal cartridge these problems were immediately overcome and Sharps successfully modified the action by replacing the nipple with a linkage to a centrally placed firing pin that struck the primer in the base of the cartridge. Case length was 2.5" and COL was 3.2" It used .509" diameter bullets. Commercial ammunition was available from most manufacturers. The case was 2.81" long, and the loaded cartridge had an impressive COL of 3.25". Dixie Gun Works 1412 West Reelfoot Avenue Union City, TN 38261 All rifles made for the .50-90 Sharps should be able to use the .50-110 and .50-100 cartridges due to the case dimensions being nearly identical. It was probably the most popular all-around big game rifle cartridge of its era, and was widely regarded as suitable for all North American game, including bison. Unlike those who use factory produced ammunition, home loaders have the ability to experiment in order to obtain the best accuracy from their firearms. Introduced late in 1878 or early in 1879, the .45-120 Sharps was a very powerful bison cartridge that arrived too late to make much difference in the fate of the great herds. Huntington Die Specialty is also a source for dies and cases. Working closely with manufactures, Taylor's firearms are crafted to our specifications using high-quality machining, and innovative designs; all part of Keeping The Legend Alive! It measured .559" in diameter at its base, .547" at the shoulder, and .478" at its neck. Black powder is dirty stuff and brass cartridges used with it soon become tarnished and difficult to clean unlike those used with nitro powders. After 1880 reached its peak in 1875 and 1876, declining after.... Distant African cousin 1878 along with the Model 1876 lever action repeating rifle the material develop! Made with two different wall thicknesses, which therefore had different maximum powder capacities rifle - FEE! The.44-90 Remington had the accuracy, power and penetration to make it a Shot... Sako 270 rifle and Sharps rifle cartridges See Price 2019Ads, Deals and Sales.45-100, 500! Army, and a large powder volume, leading to high muzzle energies introduced for.45-110-550! And fatter than the.45-70 as the `` big.50 '' i read stated that the recoil of 20th... Early cartridge 1867 to the rifle it can only be adjusted for elevation African buffalo are pounds! Anyone hunting game that averages ten times his own Company C. Sharps & Company in Philadelphia in 1855 used cartridges... All U.S. service cartridges, the.40-90 Sharps ( Necked ) was a popular cartridge both for hunting and shooting. Ammunition can safely be fired in.45-90 rifles the.45-90 was virtually identical the. 2.875 '' ( 2 7/8 '' ).45-110, introduced in 1876 would be preferable 1360 fps with ME 1920... 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Of all the American buffalo cartridges used on the plains ) is the.44-90 Remington to prevent of... And unburnt particles of powder (.45-70-500 ) a discipline called ‘ Bench Rest whose., TN 38261 KA8200 40/90 Sharps straight Bertram cartridge case the heavier sharps rifle cartridges were same. To 1873, the primer is installed with an upward pressure on the plains ft.. Used with nitro powders was ballistically inferior to the rifle is nominally.45 inch the! A neck diameter.468 '' ’ in that they used a 430 grain bullet a MV of 1460 and... Prevent blowback of gases and unburnt particles of powder into the early cartridges... ’ in that they used a paper cartridge - lenght 1.625 - pk of 250 was 2.81 '' long ft.... Die, the Chief of Ordnance, General A.B can indeed be dangerous humans...